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Women's Health

Medical Reference Related to Women's Health

  1. Prevention

    Usually, dysfunctional uterine bleeding results from unpredictable hormonal changes and therefore cannot be prevented. However, being overweight can impact your hormone production, increasing your risk of developing irregular menstrual bleeding. If you ar

  2. Myomectomy

    Myomectomy is the surgical removal of fibroids from the uterus. It allows the uterus to be left in place and preserves fertility.

  3. Chronic Female Pelvic Pain - Exams and Tests

    Since there are many possible causes of female pelvic pain, see your health professional for a thorough evaluation.

  4. Abnormal Pap Test - Cause

    Most abnormal Pap tests are caused by HPV infections. Other types of infection—such as those caused by bacteria, yeast, or protozoa (Trichomonas)—sometimes lead to minor changes on a Pap test called atypical squamous cells. Natural cell changes that may happen during and after menopause can also cause an abnormal Pap test.What increases your risk of having an abnormal test result?Certain sexual behaviors—such as having sex without condoms and having more than one sex partner—increase your risk of getting an HPV infection. And an HPV infection raises your risk for having abnormal test results.Other things that may also play a role in increasing your risk include:Smoking.Having an impaired immune system.Having been exposed to the drug DES while your mother was pregnant with you, though this is rare.If you have had one abnormal Pap test result, you're more likely to have another in the future.

  5. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) - Cause

    Learn the causes of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

  6. Heavy Menstrual Periods - Symptoms

    When you have heavy periods, you may:Pass large blood clots and soak through your usual pads or tampons.Have severe menstrual cramps.Bleed for more than 7 days. A normal menstrual cycle usually lasts 4 to 6 days.Feel tired, weak, and short of breath. This can be a sign of anemia.When to call for helpCall your doctor now or seek immediate medical care if:You are passing clots of blood and soaking through your usual pads or tampons every hour for 2 or more hours.You are dizzy or lightheaded, or you feel like you may faint.You think you have anemia.Watch closely for changes in your health, and be sure to contact your doctor if:Your heavy periods are disrupting your life.You do not get better as expected.

  7. Spironolactone for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

    Drug details for Spironolactone for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

  8. Chronic Female Pelvic Pain - Medications

    Treatment with medication does not cure female pelvic pain. However, controlling pain can help prevent it from worsening or becoming chronic. Medication Choices: The following may help relieve symptoms: Prescription nonsteroidal anti - inflammatory drugs

  9. Vaginal Fistula - Topic Overview

    What is a vaginal fistula?A fistula is a passage or hole that has formed between: Two organs in your body. An organ in your body and your skin. A fistula that has formed in the wall of the vagina is called a vaginal fistula. A vaginal fistula that opens into the urinary tract is called a vesicovaginal fistula. A vaginal fistula that opens into the rectum is called a rectovaginal fistula. See ...

  10. Exams and Tests

    Your health professional must first rule out all other medical causes of vaginal bleeding before diagnosing dysfunctional uterine bleeding. First, your health professional will: Review your history of symptoms and menstrual periods. (If possible, bring a

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