Vaginal Problems - Preparing For Your Appointment
A list of questions that will help your health care professional diagnose and treat Vaginal Problems.
Vaginal Problems - Health Tools
Use these vaginal problem health tools to help make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.
Functional Ovarian Cysts - When To Call a Doctor
Call your health professional immediately about possible ovarian cysts if you have: sudden, severe pelvic pain with nausea or vomiting. Severe vaginal bleeding; sudden faintness or weakness; sudden dizziness with abdominal discomfort that persists for 2 h
8 Questions About Your Period
WebMD explains menstrual cramping and other discomforts of your period, including which ones may need medical attention.
Bartholin Gland Cyst - Topic Overview
The Bartholin glands are two pea - sized organs that are located under the skin in a woman's genital area.
Bartholin Gland Cyst - Frequently Asked Questions
Learning about Bartholin gland cyst: What is a Bartholin gland cyst? What does a Bartholin gland cyst look like? How is a Bartholin gland cyst removed? ...
Pap Test: Classification of Cell Changes - Topic Overview
Cervical cell changes are classified according to their degree of abnormality using the Bethesda system (TBS). Further evaluation decisions are guided by the kinds of changes seen in the cells. Minor cell changes Minor cervical cell changes are also called: Atypical squamous cells (ASC). ASC is further classified as: ASC of undetermined significance (ASC-US). ASC that cannot exclude ...
Abnormal Pap Test - Cause
Most abnormal Pap tests are caused by HPV infections. Other types of infection—such as those caused by bacteria, yeast, or protozoa (Trichomonas)—sometimes lead to minor changes on a Pap test called atypical squamous cells. Natural cell changes that may happen during and after menopause can also cause an abnormal Pap test.What increases your risk of having an abnormal test result?Certain sexual behaviors—such as having sex without condoms and having more than one sex partner—increase your risk of getting an HPV infection. And an HPV infection raises your risk for having abnormal test results.Other things that may also play a role in increasing your risk include:Smoking.Having an impaired immune system.Having been exposed to the drug DES while your mother was pregnant with you, though this is rare.If you have had one abnormal Pap test result, you're more likely to have another in the future.
Abnormal Pap Test - Treatment
The type of treatment you have will depend on what caused the abnormal test results.Infection: If your abnormal test results were caused by a vaginal infection or a sexually transmitted infection, you can be treated with medicine.Menopause: Women near menopause may have abnormal results because of normal body changes during menopause. These minor cell changes may improve with the use of estrogen cream.Moderate or severe cell changes, such as HSIL. Your treatment will focus on destroying or removing the abnormal tissue. Treatment choices include:Cone biopsy.Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP), which uses a thin, low-voltage electrified wire loop to cut out abnormal cervical cells. Cryotherapy, which destroys abnormal cervical cells by freezing them.Laser therapy, which uses a laser beam to destroy abnormal cervical cells. For cervical cancer, treatment will focus on destroying or removing the cancer. To learn more, see the topic Cervical Cancer.A pregnant woman with an
Pap Test: Collecting Cells in Liquid - Topic Overview
Liquid-based methods for collecting cervical cells and preparing them for laboratory evaluation are now available. A sample of cervical cells is collected during a Pap test,and the cells are then rinsed in a liquid vial instead of being smeared on slides. The vials are taken to the laboratory,and a thin layer of the specimen is put on slides for microscopic examination. Only a small portion ...