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Women's Health

Medical Reference Related to Women's Health

  1. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) - What Happens

    Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a group of health problems linked to a woman's out - of - balance hormones. Learn common symptoms of PCOS.

  2. Estrogens

    An estrogen test measures the level of the most important estrogen hormones (estradiol, estriol, and estrone) in a blood or urine sample.

  3. Abnormal Pap Test - Topic Overview

    What is an abnormal Pap test?When your doctor says that your Pap test, or Pap smear, was abnormal, it means that the test found some cells on your cervix that do not look normal.A Pap test may be done as part of a woman's routine physical exam, because it's the best way to prevent cervical cancer. But having an abnormal test result doesn't mean you have cancer. In fact, the chances that you have cancer are very small.What causes an abnormal Pap test?Most of the time, the abnormal cell changes are caused by certain types of human papillomavirus, or HPV. HPV is a sexually transmitted infection. Usually these cell changes go away on their own. But certain types of HPV have been linked to cervical cancer. That's why regular Pap tests are so important. Sometimes the changed cells are due to other types of infection, such as those caused by bacteria or yeast. These infections can be treated. In women who have been through menopause, a Pap test may find cell changes that are just the result

  4. Health Screening: Finding Health Problems Early - Topic Overview

    What is early disease detection?Early disease detection is the use of:Screening tests to find diseases before symptoms appear.Diagnostic tests to find a disease early in its course. Why should I think about early disease detection?Often, the earlier a disease is diagnosed, the more likely it is that it can be cured or successfully managed. Managing a disease, especially early in its course, may ..

  5. Adenomyosis - Topic Overview

    Adenomyosis is a disease that occurs when the cells that normally line the uterus grow into the muscular tissue of the uterine wall. It occurs most often in women older than 30 who have had a full-term pregnancy. It is rare in women who have not had a full-term pregnancy. Adenomyosis does not occur after menopause. But adenomyosis that was present before menopause may be diagnosed after ...

  6. Emergency Contraception - Topic Overview

    What is emergency contraception? Emergency contraception is a way to prevent pregnancy if: You had sex without using birth control. Your birth control method failed. Maybe you forgot to take your pill or get your shot,the condom broke or came off,or your diaphragm slipped. You were raped. Even if you were using birth control,emergency contraception can help you make sure you don't get ...

  7. Health Screening: Finding Health Problems Early - Screening, Adult Women

    Generally, your child or teen is evaluated yearly from age 11 through 18. At each visit, your doctor will also check his or her growth and development. These checks are not specifically related to disease detection but are intended to see whether your child or teen is growing and developing normally. Normal checks include:School and behavioral concerns, such as failing classes or dropping out of .

  8. Laparotomy for Pelvic Problems - Topic Overview

    A laparotomy is a surgical procedure that allows the surgeon to visually inspect the abdominal cavity through an incision in the abdomen. Laparotomy may be used in the diagnosis and treatment of female pelvic conditions such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID),endometriosis,uterine fibroids,ovarian cysts,and ectopic pregnancy. Laparotomy is usually done under general anesthesia. ...

  9. Topic Overview

    Irregular vaginal bleeding is usually related to changing hormone levels. However, vaginal bleeding can be caused by disease, infection, or pregnancy complications.

  10. Endometriosis - Other Treatment

    To help relieve the stress and pain of endometriosis, you can consider using complementary and alternative treatments. Researchers have not yet looked at these therapies as endometriosis treatments.

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