Abnormal Pap Test - Types of Results
Lab specialists label abnormal cells according to how abnormal they are—how different they are from normal cells. Knowing what type of abnormal cells you have helps your doctor decide on treatment.
Minor cell changes
Minor cell changes may disappear without treatment. But sometimes they turn into more serious cell changes. Types of minor cell changes are:
- ASC-US or ASC-H. These are changes for which the cause is unknown. ASC-US changes usually stay the same or return to normal. ASC-H changes are also minor but have a higher likelihood of becoming more serious.
- LSIL. These changes may be more likely to become more severe over
time, but even when they do, they usually return to normal.
Moderate to severe cell changes
Moderate to severe cell changes—HSIL and AGC—are more likely to be precancerous and turn into cervical cancer if left untreated.
In some countries, other labeling systems are used. These systems may use the term dysplasia to describe cervical cell
changes. Or they may simply describe the changes as mild, moderate, or severe.