Skip to content

    Women's Health

    Font Size
    A
    A
    A

    Laparotomy for Pelvic Problems - Topic Overview

    A laparotomy is a type of surgery that allows the surgeon to look at the abdominal cavity through an incision in the abdomen. It may be used to diagnose and treat female pelvic conditions such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), endometriosis, uterine fibroids, ovarian cysts, and ectopic pregnancy. It is usually done under general anesthesia.

    Laparotomy is most often done:

    Recommended Related to Women

    Feed Your Soul

    By Geneen Roth Do you secretly believe it's selfish to put yourself ahead of others? If so, you may never stop packing on pounds. There are some things in life you take for granted: Your children will outlive you. No matter how tough it gets, you won't poison your spouse with arsenic-laced toothpaste. And if you have a best friend, you will attend her wedding. But life sometimes upsets our most basic assumptions. And although I haven't resorted to the arsenic (yet), I did have...

    Read the Feed Your Soul article > >

    • When a person has a life-threatening condition that requires surgery right away. For example, it may be done for appendicitis or ectopic pregnancy.
    • When scarring (adhesions) or abnormal conditions make it hard to use laparoscopy to see inside the belly.
    • For diagnosis of pelvic symptoms. Treatment can be done at the same time.

    For PID, laparotomy is not done as often as laparoscopy, which requires special equipment and training. But laparotomy is done if a hospital is not equipped for laparoscopy. It may also be done if another problem is suspected, such as a ruptured appendix.

    The hospital or surgery center may send you instructions on how to get ready for your surgery. Or a nurse may call you with instructions before your surgery.

    Right after surgery, you will be taken to a recovery area. While you are there, nurses will care for and observe you. You most likely will stay in the recovery area for 1 to 4 hours. Then you will be moved to a hospital room. Your nurse will give you any special instructions from your doctor and will explain information to help you during your recovery.

    WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

    Last Updated: March 12, 2014
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
    1
    Next Article:

    Laparotomy for Pelvic Problems Topics

    Today on WebMD

    hands on abdomen
    Test your knowledge.
    womans hand on abdomen
    Are you ready for baby?
     
    birth control pills
    Learn about your options.
    insomnia
    Is it menopause or something else?
     
    woman in bathtub
    Slideshow
    period
    VIDEO
     
    bp app on smartwatch and phone
    Slideshow
    estrogen gene
    Quiz
     

    Send yourself a link to download the app.

    Loading ...

    Please wait...

    This feature is temporarily unavailable. Please try again later.

    Thanks!

    Now check your email account on your mobile phone to download your new app.

    Blood pressure check
    Slideshow
    hot water bottle on stomach
    Quiz
     
    question
    Assessment
    Attractive young woman standing in front of mirror
    Quiz