Your exam for PID will include a pelvic exam.
- A pregnancy testpregnancy test is done to rule out the possibility of a tubal (ectopic) pregnancy.
- Blood tests are used to look for signs of inflammation or infection. Tests include:
- A blood or urine cultureculture is used to look for infection.
- Pelvic or transvaginal ultrasoundPelvic or transvaginal ultrasound. It can show internal organs on a computer screen to see if there are any other causes of pain.
- LaparoscopyLaparoscopy. The doctor inserts a lighted viewing instrument into the belly to look for signs of infection and scar tissue.
- MRIMRI or CT scanCT scan. These tests are used in rare cases if symptoms aren't improving with treatment or an ultrasound has shown a possible growth or abscess that needs to be further evaluated.
Yearly chlamydia testing for young, sexually active women is thought to reduce the number of cases of PID. This screening is recommended by experts.