Pelvic Inflammatory Disease - What Increases Your Risk
You are more likely to get
pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) if you:
- Are at
risk for sexually transmitted infection (STI). Sexually active teens
and young women have the highest rate of STIs. Having sex without using a condom increases your risk for STIs.
- Have had PID
before. If you have had PID once, your reproductive tract may be less able to
fight a new infection because of scar tissue from past PID.
had chlamydia before. A second infection can cause more irritation
and pelvic organ damage that is worse than the first time.
Doctors advise against douching, because it can cause vaginal and
Some medical procedures can increase your risk of
PID by introducing bacteria into the reproductive tract. These include:
- Scraping the lining of the uterus (D&C) or taking a tissue sample (biopsy).
- Inserting an
IUD. Your risk of infection can be reduced if:
- You are tested and treated for STIs and bacterial vaginosis (if detected) before IUD insertion.
- The insertion is done carefully to minimize the chance of infection (clean technique).
the uterus or fallopian tubes with a lighted viewing tube (hysteroscopy or
In some cases, PID can spread from tuberculosis bacteria that have spread to the pelvic area.
PID is rare in women who aren't sexually active, don't
have menstrual periods, are pregnant, or have had their uterus or ovaries