You have a number of treatment
options for a
vaginal yeast infection, including nonprescription
vaginal medicine, prescription oral or vaginal medicine, or nonprescription
vaginal boric acid capsules.
Only use nonprescription vaginal
yeast infection treatment without a doctor's diagnosis and advice if
- Are not pregnant.
- Are sure your
symptoms are caused by a vaginal yeast infection. If you have never been diagnosed with a vaginal
yeast infection, see your doctor.
- Have not been exposed to a
sexually transmitted infection (STI), which would
require a medical exam.
- Are not having multiple, recurrent
The risk of self-treatment is that your symptoms may be
caused by another vaginal infection, such as a sexually transmitted infection (STI),
that requires different treatment. If you may have been exposed to an STI, it
is best to discuss your symptoms with your doctor before using a
nonprescription medicine. Your doctor may recommend testing for STI if you
have risk factors for these infections.
- Vaginal Yeast Infection: Should I Treat It Myself?
Yeast infection during pregnancy
infections are common during
pregnancy, likely caused by elevated
estrogen levels. If you are pregnant, don't assume you
have a yeast infection until it is diagnosed, and don't use nonprescription
medicines without discussing your symptoms with your doctor.
Vaginal medicine is often used to treat a vaginal yeast
infection during pregnancy.
Recurrent yeast infection
For a vaginal yeast
infection that recurs within 2 months of treatment, or four times in 1 year
(recurrent vaginal yeast infection), see your doctor.
Further testing or a different treatment may be needed. If you have been using
a nonprescription medicine for your vaginal symptoms, be sure to tell your
doctor. This information could affect what treatment is recommended.
Recurrent vaginal yeast infection can be treated with
prescription oral medicine,
nonprescription vaginal medicine, or
vaginal boric acid capsules, followed by
less frequent suppressive or maintenance therapy over 6 months to 1 year to
A vaginal yeast
infection is not a sexually transmitted infection (STI). After having unprotected
sex with a partner who has a yeast infection, you may have more than the normal
amount of yeast in your vagina. But if after having sex you develop a yeast
infection that causes symptoms, it is most likely because other factors are
What to think about
It is important to complete the
entire recommended treatment to cure a yeast infection.
Vaginal infections caused by types of yeast other than
Candida albicans may be more difficult to cure with
standard antifungal medicine. For treatment-resistant infections, a
culture of vaginal discharge is done to identify the
type of yeast causing the infection.
Boric acid is usually
effective for treating Candida albicans (C. albicans) infection, and non–C. albicans yeast infections that don't respond to antifungal