Skip to content
My WebMD Sign In, Sign Up

Uterine Fibroids Health Center

Font Size
A
A
A

Medications

Medicine can be used to help relieve uterine fibroid problems. The goals of medicine treatment are to:

  • Relieve severe pain or other symptoms caused by fibroids.
  • Correct anemia caused by heavy bleeding.
  • Shrink fibroids before fibroid removal (myomectomy) or uterus removal (hysterectomy).
  • Avoid hysterectomy.

When treatment is stopped, symptoms usually return.

Medicine choices

The following medicines are used to relieve heavy menstrual bleeding, anemia, or painful periods—they do not shrink fibroids:

The following medicine is used to shrink fibroids before surgery and to temporarily relieve symptoms:

  • Gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogue (GnRH-a) therapy puts the body in a state like menopause, which shrinks the uterus and fibroids. GnRH-a therapy should be used for only a few months, because it can weaken the bones. It may also cause unpleasant menopausal symptoms. Fibroids grow back after GnRH-a therapy is stopped.5
Uterine Fibroids: Should I Use GnRH-A Therapy?

What to think about

If you have pain or heavy menstrual bleeding, it may be from a bleeding uterine fibroid. But it may also be linked to a menstrual cycle problem that can be improved with birth control hormones and/or NSAID therapy. For more information, see the topic Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding.

GnRH-a therapy is sometimes used to stop bleeding and improve anemia. But taking iron supplements can also improve anemia and does not cause the troublesome side effects and bone weakening that can happen with GnRH-a therapy.

WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

Last Updated: April 19, 2013
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.

Today on WebMD

uterine fibroid illustration
Slideshow
pelivic pain slideshow
Slideshow
 
Period Questions
Article
woman covering face
Quiz
 
Infertility Slideshow
Slideshow
Ultrasound For Treating Fibroids
Video
 
10 Ways to Revitalize Slideshow
Slideshow
Understanding Absence Periods
Slideshow
 
Comparing Birth Control Pill
Feature
Uterine Bleeding Whats Normal
Quiz
 
Screening Tests for Women
Slideshow
Period Cramping Your Style
Video
 

WebMD Special Sections