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Uterine Fibroids Health Center

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Uterine Fibroids - Medications

Medicine can be used to help relieve uterine fibroid problems. The goals of medicine treatment are to:

When treatment is stopped, symptoms usually return.

Medicine choices

The following medicines are used to relieve heavy menstrual bleeding, anemia, or painful periods—they do not shrink fibroids:

The following medicine is used to shrink fibroids before surgery and to temporarily relieve symptoms:

  • Gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogue (GnRH-a) therapy puts the body in a state like menopause, which shrinks the uterus and fibroids. GnRH-a therapy should be used for only a few months, because it can weaken the bones. It may also cause unpleasant menopausal symptoms. Fibroids grow back after GnRH-a therapy is stopped.5

Ulipristal (Fibristal) is used to treat moderate to severe symptoms of fibroids in women who are planning to have surgery. This medicine should not be used for more than 3 months.

Uterine Fibroids: Should I Use GnRH-A Therapy?

What to think about

If you have pain or heavy menstrual bleeding, it may be from a bleeding uterine fibroid. But it may also be linked to a menstrual cycle problem that can be improved with birth control hormones and/or NSAID therapy. For more information, see the topic Abnormal Uterine Bleeding.

GnRH-a therapy is sometimes used to stop bleeding and improve anemia. But taking iron supplements can also improve anemia and does not cause the troublesome side effects and bone weakening that can happen with GnRH-a therapy.

WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

Last Updated: March 12, 2014
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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