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Uterine Fibroids Health Center

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Uterine Fibroids - Symptoms

Uterine fibroid symptoms can develop slowly over several years or rapidly over several months. Most women with uterine fibroids have mild symptoms or none at all and never need treatment.

For some women, uterine fibroid symptoms become a problem. Pain and heavy menstrual bleeding are the most common symptoms. In some cases, difficulty becoming pregnant is the first sign of fibroids. The type of symptoms women have can depend on where the fibroid is located in the uterus.

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Uterine Fibroids

Uterine fibroids (leiomyomata) are noncancerous growths that develop in or just outside a woman’s uterus (womb). Uterine fibroids develop from normal uterus muscle cells that start growing abnormally. As the cells grow, they form a benign tumor.

Read the Uterine Fibroids article > >

Uterine fibroid symptoms and problems include:

  • Abnormal menstrual bleeding, such as:
    • Heavier, prolonged periods that can cause anemia.
    • Painful periods.
    • Spotting before or after periods.
    • Bleeding between periods.
  • Pelvic pain and pressure, such as:
    • Pain in the abdomen, pelvis, or low back.
    • Pain during sexual intercourse.
    • Bloating and feelings of abdominal pressure.
  • Urinary problems, such as:
    • Frequent urination.
    • Leakage of urine (urinary incontinence).
    • Kidney blockage following ureter blockage (rare).
  • Other symptoms, such as:
    • Difficulty or pain with bowel movements.
    • Infertility. Sometimes, fibroids make it difficult to become pregnant.
    • Problems with pregnancy, such as placental abruption and premature labor.
    • Miscarriage.

WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

Last Updated: March 12, 2014
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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