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Who Is Affected by Functional Ovarian Cysts

Ovarian cysts are the most common cause of small ovarian growths in women of childbearing age.1 They are commonly seen in women who:

  • Are between the ages of 20 and 35.
  • Smoke. Smokers are twice as likely to have ovarian cysts as nonsmokers.1
  • Are being treated for infertility with medications such as clomiphene citrate (for example, Clomid or Serophene).
  • Have endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), or bulimia.

Citations

  1. Katz VL (2007). Benign gynecologic lesions. In VL Katz et al., eds., Comprehensive Gynecology, 5th ed., pp. 452-557. Philadelphia: Mosby Elsevier.

By Healthwise Staff
Primary Medical Reviewer Sarah Marshall, MD - Family Medicine
Specialist Medical Reviewer Kirtly Jones, MD - Obstetrics and Gynecology
Last Revised October 12, 2010

WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

Last Updated: October 12, 2010
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.

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