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    Allergic rhinitis, or hay fever, can occur in any season. Triggers include outdoor allergens, such as tree, grass and weed pollen; or indoor allergens from pets, mold and dust mites.1 Finding the right allergy treatment can help keep hay fever symptoms at bay.

    Colds vs. Allergies

    It can be challenging to distinguish a cold from allergies, but it's important to tell the difference in order to find the right treatment.

    COLDS

    • Viral
    • Weakness/achiness
    • Fever
    • Contagious
    • Lasts 1-2 weeks

    BOTH

    • Nasal congestion
    • Coughing
    • Sneezing
    • Runny nose
    • Watery eyes

    ALLERGIES

    • Caused by immune response to allergens
    • Itchy nose/eyes
    • Repetitive sneezing
    • No fever

    Allergy Treatment Guidelines

    Make sure to read the package before administering to make sure the medication matches your child's symptoms. In some cases, joint usage of nasal steroid with antihistamines may be appropriate.

    It's important to keep in mind the proper age guidelines for medications when treating children's allergy symptoms.

    It is also important to avoid duplicating ingredients when using multi-symptom allergy products with several ingredients. If you have any questions, your pharmacist can help.

    • For children under 4 years:

      Consult your child's doctor before using any allergy medications.

    • For children ages 6 and up:

      You may use pediatric allergy medications, but follow label guidelines.

    Treating Children's Allergies

    There are three main types of allergy medications:

    NASAL STEROIDS
    NASAL STEROIDS

    Nasal steroids help treat seasonal and year-round allergies; reduce inflammation, prevent and treat nasal stuffiness, sneezing and itchy runny nose.

    Recommended for year-round or seasonal allergies

    Drowsy or non-drowsy
    Available as non-drowsy

    ANTIHISTAMINES
    ANTIHISTAMINES

    Antihistamines work to block the effects of histamines which cause allergy symptoms such as itching, sneezing, runny nose and watery eyes.2

    Recommended for year-round or seasonal allergies

    Drowsy or non-drowsy
    Both are available

    COMBINATION
    COLD AND ALLERGY
    COMBINATION COLD AND ALLERGY

    Combination cold and allergy medications relieve nasal congestion, help restore free breathing, and alleviate symptoms associated with allergies.

    Recommended for seasonal allergies

    Drowsy or non-drowsy
    Both are available

    Tips For Reducing Your Child's Allergy Symptoms

    sleep

    Have your child sleep with the windows closed and the air conditioner on when appropriate; the recommended indoor temperature is 68 degrees. A humidifier can also help moisturize air.

    Use allergen-proof bedding materials.3,4

    clean

    Vacuum your carpets often to reduce dust, but do it when your child is not in the house.

    Use a filter in the vacuum and air conditioner to cut down on extra dust.

    play

    Keep your child indoors
    during high pollen count days.

    References:

    1. http://www.aaaai.org/conditions-and-treatments/library/at-a-glance/rhinitis.aspx

    2. http://www.mayoclinic.org/drugs-supplements/antihistamine-oral-route-parenteral-route-rectal-route/description/drg-20070373

    3. http://www.healthychildren.org/English/health-issues/conditions/allergies-asthma/Pages/Dust-Mite-Control.aspx

    4. http://kidshealth.org/en/parents/cold.html?view=ptr#cat20447

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