How States Rank on Health Care

Hawaii Is First, Oklahoma and Mississippi Are Last on Foundation's First State Scorecard on Health Care

Medically Reviewed by Louise Chang, MD on June 13, 2007
From the WebMD Archives

June 13, 2007 -- Hawaii leads and Oklahoma lags on a new state scorecard about health system performance.

The scorecard is the first of its kind from the Commonwealth Fund, a private foundation focused on health care.

The Commonwealth Fund rated states based on 32 indicators, including access, quality, cost, insurance, preventive care, potentially avoidable hospital visits, and premature death (death before age 75).

The top five states in order are Hawaii, Iowa, New Hampshire, Vermont, and Maine.

The bottom five states are Nevada, Arkansas, Texas, Mississippi, and Oklahoma.

A full list of state rankings follows later in this article.

Wide Range

The top-rated states scored two to three times higher than the lowest-ranked states.

"Where you live really matters in terms of your experience with the American health care system," Commonwealth Fund President Karen Davis told reporters at a news conference.

"The wide variation and gaps between leading and lagging states add up to substantial human and economic cost for the nation," says Cathy Schoen, the Commonwealth Fund's senior vice president for research and evaluation.

Schoen says that if all states equaled the top-rated states, there would be 90,000 fewer premature deaths before age 75 from conditions such as diabetes, infection, respiratory disease, and treatable cancers. In addition, 22 million more adults and children would be insured, cutting U.S. uninsured rates in half.

Room for Improvement

Every state has room for improvement -- even those leading the scorecard -- notes Schoen, who worked on the scorecard with other experts.

"Each of the top states has some indicators in the bottom half of the state distribution," Schoen says. In other words, though those states may rank highly overall, they're not acing every category in the scorecard.

Insurance tracked with the states' ratings.

"In general, states that did well in the overall rankings had the lowest rates of uninsured in the nation, and states that did poorly had the highest rates of uninsured in the nation," Schoen says.

But high ratings didn't always mean high costs.

"Indeed, some states have high quality and lower cost," Schoen says. She adds that "high costs tend to track higher rates of potentially preventable hospital use and 30-day re-admission rates, indicating a need for a focus on prevention and primary care and care coordination."

State Rankings

Here is the list of how the states and Washington, D.C., ranked overall. States with the same ranking are listed together.

  1. Hawaii
  2. Iowa
  3. New Hampshire, Vermont
  4. Maine
  5. Rhode Island
  6. Connecticut
  7. Massachusetts
  8. Wisconsin
  9. South Dakota
  10. Minnesota
  11. Nebraska
  12. North Dakota
  13. Delaware
  14. Pennsylvania
  15. Michigan
  16. Montana, Washington
  17. Maryland
  18. Kansas
  19. Wyoming
  20. Colorado, New York
  21. Ohio, Utah
  22. Alaska, Arizona, New Jersey
  23. Virginia
  24. Idaho, North Carolina
  25. Washington, D.C.
  26. South Carolina
  27. Oregon
  28. New Mexico
  29. Illinois
  30. Missouri
  31. Indiana
  32. California
  33. Tennessee
  34. Alabama
  35. Georgia
  36. Florida
  37. West Virginia
  38. Kentucky
  39. Louisiana, Nevada
  40. Arkansas
  41. Texas
  42. Mississippi, Oklahoma

Show Sources

SOURCES: The Commonwealth Fund Commission on a High-Performance Health System: "Aiming Higher: Results from a State Scorecard on Health System Performance," June 2007. Karen Davis, president, The Commonwealth Fund. Cathy Schoen, senior vice president for research and evaluation, The Commonwealth Fund.

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