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How do you know if your swollen ankles and feet are caused by venous insufficiency?

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Swelling of the ankles and feet is often an early symptom of venous insufficiency, a condition in which not enough blood moves up the veins from the legs and feet up to the heart. Normally, the veins keep blood flowing upward with one-way valves. If these valves become damaged or weakened, the blood leaks back down the vessels and fluid builds up in the soft tissue of the lower legs, especially the ankles and feet. Chronic venous insufficiency can lead to skin changes, skin ulcers, and infection. If you experience signs of venous insufficiency, you should see your doctor.

SOURCES:

MedlinePlus: "Swelling."

ArthritisToday.org: "What is Rheumatoid Arthritis?"

ArthritisToday.org: "Arthritis Treatment Timeline."

MedlinePlus: "Preeclampsia."

American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: "Sprained Ankle."

National Lymphedema Network: "What Is Lymphedema?"

Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center College of Medicine: "Chronic Venous Insufficiency."

Baylor College of Medicine: "Varicose Veins."

De Moines University Clinic: "Diabetic Foot Care."

USC Center for Vascular Care: "Varicose Veins and Venous Disease."

Yale University Cushing/Whitney Medical Library: "Heart Disease Symptoms."

Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center College of Medicine: "Congestive Heart Failure."

MedlinePlus: "Foot, Leg, and Ankle Swelling."

Reviewed by Traci C. Johnson on January 14, 2021

SOURCES:

MedlinePlus: "Swelling."

ArthritisToday.org: "What is Rheumatoid Arthritis?"

ArthritisToday.org: "Arthritis Treatment Timeline."

MedlinePlus: "Preeclampsia."

American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: "Sprained Ankle."

National Lymphedema Network: "What Is Lymphedema?"

Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center College of Medicine: "Chronic Venous Insufficiency."

Baylor College of Medicine: "Varicose Veins."

De Moines University Clinic: "Diabetic Foot Care."

USC Center for Vascular Care: "Varicose Veins and Venous Disease."

Yale University Cushing/Whitney Medical Library: "Heart Disease Symptoms."

Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center College of Medicine: "Congestive Heart Failure."

MedlinePlus: "Foot, Leg, and Ankle Swelling."

Reviewed by Traci C. Johnson on January 14, 2021

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How do you know if your swollen ankles and feet are caused by an infection?

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