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How is a kidney cyst treated?

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If your cyst does not cause symptoms or complications, you do not need treatment. Your doctor may simply watch your cysts to make sure they don't cause any problems. However, in the rare case that you have symptoms, you may need treatment. You may have a procedure that involves these steps:

  • A doctor punctures the cyst with a long needle inserted through the skin, using ultrasound for guidance.
  • The doctor drains (aspirates) the cyst and may then fill the empty pouch with a solution that contains alcohol; this causes the tissue to harden and lowers the chances of recurrence. Scarring down the space within the cyst is called sclerosis.

From: Kidney Cyst WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by Minesh Khatri on September 15, 2019

Medically Reviewed on 9/15/2019

SOURCES:

Cleveland Clinic: "Simple Kidney Cysts."

National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse: "Simple Kidney Cysts."

Spectrum Health: "Kidney Cancer."

Baysal, T. Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, 2009.

Eknoyan, G.   , Sept. 1, 2009.  Journal of the American Society of Nephrology

Terada, N. , June 2004. BJU International

Reviewed by Minesh Khatri on September 15, 2019

SOURCES:

Cleveland Clinic: "Simple Kidney Cysts."

National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse: "Simple Kidney Cysts."

Spectrum Health: "Kidney Cancer."

Baysal, T. Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, 2009.

Eknoyan, G.   , Sept. 1, 2009.  Journal of the American Society of Nephrology

Terada, N. , June 2004. BJU International

Reviewed by Minesh Khatri on September 15, 2019

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When is surgery recommended to treat a kidney cyst?

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THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.

    This tool does not provide medical advice. See additional information.

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