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What are ureaplasma urealyticum and ureaplasma parvum, and how does a person get infected?

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Most healthy women have these bacteria in their cervix or vagina, and a smaller number of men also have them in their urethra. Normally, they don't cause any problems.

Ureaplasma can spread during sex. If you're pregnant and you're infected, you can pass the bacteria to your baby in the womb or during childbirth.

SOURCES:

CDC: "2015 Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines: Emerging Issues," "Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection: Antibiotic Treatment & Resistance," "Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection: Causes & Transmission," "Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection: Signs and Symptoms," "Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection: Treatment & Complications."

Columbia University: "Ureaplasma urealyticum."

Constantino, G. , 2009. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders

Couldwell, D. L. , May 2015. Infection and Drug Resistance

Georgiev, Vassil St. , 1997. Infectious Diseases in Immunocompromised Hosts

Long, S.S. , 2012. Principles and Practice of Pediatric Infectious Disease

Melbourne Sexual Health Centre: "Mycoplasma Genitalium."

National Health Service: "'New' sexually transmitted infection 'MG' may be widespread."

Nicolson, G. L. , 2010. British Journal of Medical Practitioners

Patarca-Montero, R. , 2004. Medical Etiology, Assessment, and Treatment of Chronic Fatigue and Malaise

Public Health Agency of Canada: "Mycoplasma Hominis," "Ureaplasma Urealyticum."

University of South Carolina School of Medicine: "Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma."

UpToDate: "Mycoplasma hominis and Ureaplasma urealyticum infections."

Reviewed by Nayana Ambardekar on April 14, 2018

SOURCES:

CDC: "2015 Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines: Emerging Issues," "Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection: Antibiotic Treatment & Resistance," "Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection: Causes & Transmission," "Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection: Signs and Symptoms," "Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection: Treatment & Complications."

Columbia University: "Ureaplasma urealyticum."

Constantino, G. , 2009. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders

Couldwell, D. L. , May 2015. Infection and Drug Resistance

Georgiev, Vassil St. , 1997. Infectious Diseases in Immunocompromised Hosts

Long, S.S. , 2012. Principles and Practice of Pediatric Infectious Disease

Melbourne Sexual Health Centre: "Mycoplasma Genitalium."

National Health Service: "'New' sexually transmitted infection 'MG' may be widespread."

Nicolson, G. L. , 2010. British Journal of Medical Practitioners

Patarca-Montero, R. , 2004. Medical Etiology, Assessment, and Treatment of Chronic Fatigue and Malaise

Public Health Agency of Canada: "Mycoplasma Hominis," "Ureaplasma Urealyticum."

University of South Carolina School of Medicine: "Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma."

UpToDate: "Mycoplasma hominis and Ureaplasma urealyticum infections."

Reviewed by Nayana Ambardekar on April 14, 2018

NEXT QUESTION:

What are some symptoms of ureaplasma urealyticum and ureaplasma parvum infection?

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