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What causes Buerger’s disease?

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Doctors aren’t sure exactly what causes Buerger's disease, but almost everyone who gets it has used tobacco products. This includes cigarettes, cigars, chewing tobacco, and snuff. Some experts think that certain chemicals in tobacco might irritate your blood vessels, and that’s what makes them swell. Others think it may be that tobacco triggers your immune system to attack your blood vessels like they’re bad germs. Your genes may also play a role.

SOURCES:

CDC: “Health Effects of Cigarette Smoking.”

CDC: “Smoking and Buerger’s Disease.”

Mayo Clinic: “Buerger’s Disease.”

The Johns Hopkins Vasculitis Center: “Buerger’s Disease.”

UC Davis Vascular Center: “Buerger’s Disease (Thromboangitis Obliterans).”

National Organization of Rare Disorders: “Buerger’s Disease.”

Vasculitis Foundation: “Buerger’s Disease.”

Penn Medicine: “Buerger’s Disease (Thromboangitis Obliterans).”

Reviewed by Louise Chang on September 09, 2018

SOURCES:

CDC: “Health Effects of Cigarette Smoking.”

CDC: “Smoking and Buerger’s Disease.”

Mayo Clinic: “Buerger’s Disease.”

The Johns Hopkins Vasculitis Center: “Buerger’s Disease.”

UC Davis Vascular Center: “Buerger’s Disease (Thromboangitis Obliterans).”

National Organization of Rare Disorders: “Buerger’s Disease.”

Vasculitis Foundation: “Buerger’s Disease.”

Penn Medicine: “Buerger’s Disease (Thromboangitis Obliterans).”

Reviewed by Louise Chang on September 09, 2018

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What are symptoms of Buerger’s disease?

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