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What causes elephantiasis?

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This is a very rare condition that’s spread by mosquitos. To get elephantiasis, you would have to be bitten by a lot of mosquitoes over a long time, in a country where certain types of roundworms are known to live.

It starts when mosquitoes infected with the roundworm larvae bite you. The tiny larvae survive in your bloodstream and grow. They finish maturing in your lymph system. They can live there for years and cause a lot of damage to your lymph system. This is what causes the swelling.

SOURCES:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: “Mosquito Bite Prevention for Travelers.”

National Organization for Rare Disorders: “Elephantiasis.”

World Health Organization: “Lymphatic filariasis.”

CDC: “Parasites: Lymphatic filariasis.”  

Stanford University: “Lymphatic filariasis: Prevention and Treatment.”

 

 

Reviewed by Carol DerSarkissian on June 14, 2020

SOURCES:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: “Mosquito Bite Prevention for Travelers.”

National Organization for Rare Disorders: “Elephantiasis.”

World Health Organization: “Lymphatic filariasis.”

CDC: “Parasites: Lymphatic filariasis.”  

Stanford University: “Lymphatic filariasis: Prevention and Treatment.”

 

 

Reviewed by Carol DerSarkissian on June 14, 2020

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What are symptoms of elephantiasis?

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