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What causes hammertoes?

ANSWER

Besides arthritis and aging, other risk factors for hammertoes include:

Flat feet. 

Genes. You may have inherited a tendency to develop hammertoes because your feet are somewhat unstable -- they may be flat or have a high arch.

Injury to the toe. Ill-fitting shoes are the main culprits. If shoes are too tight, too short, or too pointy, they push the toes out of balance.

SOURCES: American Podiatric Medical Association. American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons.

UpToDate.

Reviewed by Sabrina Felson on March 20, 2017

SOURCES: American Podiatric Medical Association. American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons.

UpToDate.

Reviewed by Sabrina Felson on March 20, 2017

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What is metatarsalgia?

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