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What is the treatment for hyperkalemia?

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Treatment may include:

  • Low potassium diet
  • Stop or change meds that contribute to hyperkalemia
  • Take medicine to lower the potassium in your body
  • Water pills (diuretics)
  • Sodium polystyrene sulfonate (Kayexalate)
  • Patiromer (Veltassa)
  • Treat your kidney disease, which may include dialysis

If you have a dangerously high potassium level you will get emergency care including intravenous (IV) medications.

SOURCES:

American Family Physician: "Hyperkalemia."

American Association of Clinical Chemistry: "Potassium: The Test."

Parham, W. Texas Heart Institute Journal, 2006; vol 33: pp 40-47.

National Heart Lung and Blood Institute: "Electrocardiogram."

Mount, D. "Disorders of potassium balance," in Brenner, B.M., ed., Brenner and Rector's The Kidney, 8th ed., Saunders Elsevier, 2008.

Ferri, F. Practice Guide to the Care of the Medical Patient, 8th ed., Mosby, 2010.

Gibbs, M. "Tayal VS. Electrolyte disturbances," in Marx, J, ed. Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice, 7th ed., Mosby Elsevier, 2009.

Reviewed by Brunilda Nazario on December 25, 2019

SOURCES:

American Family Physician: "Hyperkalemia."

American Association of Clinical Chemistry: "Potassium: The Test."

Parham, W. Texas Heart Institute Journal, 2006; vol 33: pp 40-47.

National Heart Lung and Blood Institute: "Electrocardiogram."

Mount, D. "Disorders of potassium balance," in Brenner, B.M., ed., Brenner and Rector's The Kidney, 8th ed., Saunders Elsevier, 2008.

Ferri, F. Practice Guide to the Care of the Medical Patient, 8th ed., Mosby, 2010.

Gibbs, M. "Tayal VS. Electrolyte disturbances," in Marx, J, ed. Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice, 7th ed., Mosby Elsevier, 2009.

Reviewed by Brunilda Nazario on December 25, 2019

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What are complications of hyperkalemia?

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