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What is the treatment for hyperkalemia?

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Treatment may include:

Other treatments depend on the cause of hyperkalemia. If you have a dangerously high potassium level you will get emergency care including intravenous (IV) medications.

  • Low potassium diet consisting of consists of about 2,000 milligrams to 3,000 milligrams potassium per day
  • Stopping or changing meds that are contributing to the hyperkalemia.
  • Taking medicine to lower the potassium in your body
  • Water pills (diuretics) to remove potassium via the urinary tract
  • Sodium polystyrene sulfonate (Kayexalate) to remove potassium via the digestive tract
  • Patiromer (Veltassa) to reduce the levels of blood potassium
  • Treat your kidney disease, which may include dialysis which filters potassium from your blood.

From: What Does Potassium Do in Your Body? WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

American Family Physician: "Hyperkalemia."

American Association of Clinical Chemistry: "Potassium: The Test."

Parham, W. 2006; vol 33: pp 40-47. Texas Heart Institute Journal,

National Heart Lung and Blood Institute: "Electrocardiogram."

Mount, D. "Disorders of potassium balance," in Brenner, B.M., ed., , 8th ed., Saunders Elsevier, 2008. Brenner and Rector's The Kidney

Ferri, F. 8th ed., Mosby, 2010. Practice Guide to the Care of the Medical Patient,

Gibbs, M. "Tayal VS. Electrolyte disturbances," in Marx, J, ed. 7th ed., Mosby Elsevier, 2009. Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice,

Reviewed by Brunilda Nazario on January 30, 2019

SOURCES:

American Family Physician: "Hyperkalemia."

American Association of Clinical Chemistry: "Potassium: The Test."

Parham, W. 2006; vol 33: pp 40-47. Texas Heart Institute Journal,

National Heart Lung and Blood Institute: "Electrocardiogram."

Mount, D. "Disorders of potassium balance," in Brenner, B.M., ed., , 8th ed., Saunders Elsevier, 2008. Brenner and Rector's The Kidney

Ferri, F. 8th ed., Mosby, 2010. Practice Guide to the Care of the Medical Patient,

Gibbs, M. "Tayal VS. Electrolyte disturbances," in Marx, J, ed. 7th ed., Mosby Elsevier, 2009. Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice,

Reviewed by Brunilda Nazario on January 30, 2019

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