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What medications are linked to hyperkalemia?

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Medications that have been linked to hyperkalemia include:

  • Antibiotics, including penicillin G and trimethoprim
  • Azole antifungals, used to treat vaginal yeast infections and other fungal infections
  • Blood pressure drugs called angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
  • Blood pressure drugs called angiotensin-receptor blockers (ARBs), although they are less likely than ACE inhibitors to increase potassium levels
  • Blood pressure drugs called beta-blockers
  • Herbal supplements, including milkweed, lily of the valley, Siberian ginseng, Hawthorn berries, or preparations from dried toad skin or venom (Bufo, Chan Su, Senso)
  • Heparin, a blood thinner
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs)
  • Potassium supplements
  • Potassium-sparing diuretics, including triamterene, amiloride (Midamor), and spironolactone (Aldactone)

From: What Does Potassium Do in Your Body? WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

American Family Physician: "Hyperkalemia."

American Association of Clinical Chemistry: "Potassium: The Test."

Parham, W. 2006; vol 33: pp 40-47. Texas Heart Institute Journal,

National Heart Lung and Blood Institute: "Electrocardiogram."

Mount, D. "Disorders of potassium balance," in Brenner, B.M., ed., , 8th ed., Saunders Elsevier, 2008. Brenner and Rector's The Kidney

Ferri, F. 8th ed., Mosby, 2010. Practice Guide to the Care of the Medical Patient,

Gibbs, M. "Tayal VS. Electrolyte disturbances," in Marx, J, ed. 7th ed., Mosby Elsevier, 2009. Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice,

Reviewed by Brunilda Nazario on January 30, 2019

SOURCES:

American Family Physician: "Hyperkalemia."

American Association of Clinical Chemistry: "Potassium: The Test."

Parham, W. 2006; vol 33: pp 40-47. Texas Heart Institute Journal,

National Heart Lung and Blood Institute: "Electrocardiogram."

Mount, D. "Disorders of potassium balance," in Brenner, B.M., ed., , 8th ed., Saunders Elsevier, 2008. Brenner and Rector's The Kidney

Ferri, F. 8th ed., Mosby, 2010. Practice Guide to the Care of the Medical Patient,

Gibbs, M. "Tayal VS. Electrolyte disturbances," in Marx, J, ed. 7th ed., Mosby Elsevier, 2009. Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice,

Reviewed by Brunilda Nazario on January 30, 2019

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