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Shorter May Be Better

With so many tongue-twisting words and terms, it’s no wonder doctors use shortened versions -- acronyms -- to get through the day. Here are some common and not-so-common ones you might hear at your doctor’s office or a hospital.

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fast stroke quadtych
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FAST

This is an easy way to remember signs of a stroke, which can come on quickly. F is for face drooping: Does one side droop, or is it numb? Is your smile uneven? A is for arm weakness. When raised, does one arm drift down? S is for speech difficulty: Is it slurred or difficult to understand? Is it hard to speak? T is for “Time to call 911.” If you or someone else has any of these symptoms, make the call right away.

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man elevating injured leg on ice
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RICE

Remember this one when you strain a muscle or sprain your ankle. R for rest -- but not too much. You should move around as soon as you feel up to it. I for ice as soon as possible after your injury. C for compress -- pressure -- with an elastic wrap or bandage. And E for elevate the body part you’ve injured -- try to hold it above your heart to keep swelling down.

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brat diet quadtych
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BRAT

This is a diet of bland food -- bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast -- some doctors recommend if you have diarrhea or an upset stomach. These low-fiber foods make your poop firmer. (Fiber makes it looser -- helpful if you’re constipated.) And they have nutrients your body may need after you’ve been vomiting or had diarrhea, like the potassium in bananas.

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mind diet foods diptych
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MIND

This stands for Mediterranean-DASH Diet Intervention for Neurodegenerative Delay -- quite a mouthful. It may help protect you against brain diseases like Alzheimer’s. The diet includes vegetables -- especially green leafy ones -- nuts, berries, beans, whole grains, fish, chicken, olive oil, and wine (one glass a day). And you’ll need to cut back on red meat, butter, cheese, pastries, sweets, and fried and fast food.

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bmi silhouettes and numbers
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BMI

This stands for body mass index. It’s an estimate of your body fat based on your weight and height. Online tools can help you make your own BMI calculation. But it’s a rough way to tell if you’re at a healthy weight. Talk to your doctor if your BMI number suggests you could be over -- or under -- a normal weight.

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ecg readout
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EKG or ECG

This machine records the electrical activity of your heart and graphs it. It helps your doctor see if there’s a problem with your blood flow or heart rhythm. ECG stands for electrocardiogram -- the E is from electro, C from cardio, and G from gram. It’s often called an EKG because it was first made in Germany, where it was called the elektro-kardiographie.

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ct scan procedure
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CT Scan

A computerized tomography scan takes X-rays from different angles of your body and puts them together to make a more detailed picture than a single X-ray. It’s often used for quick, detailed exams when someone has been in a car accident or had other serious trauma. It can also help tell if you have certain diseases and plan for some kinds of cancer treatments.

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mri scan images
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MRI

Magnetic resonance imaging uses radio waves and powerful magnets to make detailed 3-D images of the inside of your body. They can be looked at from many angles so your doctor can get more information. It’s often used to take pictures of your joints, spine, and inside your skull to look for injuries, bleeding, tumors, and certain diseases, like Alzheimer’s. 

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senior man rubbing sore jaw
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TMJ or TMD

T is for temporo (the temple area of your skull), M for mandibular (your lower jaw), and J for joint. Your temporomandibular joint is where those areas meet on either side of your face. If you have a problem with this joint, it's called a temporomandibular disorder (TMD). Pain in this area can be caused by arthritis or an injury, or from grinding or clenching your teeth, especially while you sleep.

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woman holding sore stomach
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UTI

A urinary tract infection happens in the part of your body that gets rid of liquid waste (pee). That includes your kidneys (which filter the waste from your blood), your bladder (which holds the pee before it’s released), and the tubes that help move it out of your body (the ureter and urethra). Symptoms include pain, a burning feeling when you pee, and blood in your urine. Women get it more often than men. It’s usually treated with antibiotics.

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papilloma virus illustration
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HPV

This stands for human papillomavirus. More than 100 types can cause warts on different parts of your body: your feet, face, and neck, among others. When HPV infects your private parts -- this can happen to men and women -- it can sometimes lead to cancer. It can live in your body for years, and you might not know it. But a vaccine can help prevent it: Girls can get the shot between the ages of 9 and 26, and boys from 9 to 21.

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distracted young boy in class
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ADHD

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder can make it hard to pay attention or focus and cause impulsive behavior and hyperactivity. There are several types, and symptoms are different for each person. Talk with a doctor if you or your child has any of these symptoms. Therapy and medication can help.

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holding hand of patient in hospital
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DNR

It stands for “do not resuscitate,” and it means doctors shouldn’t use special equipment to revive someone if their heart or breathing stops. This order is usually for someone who is close to death because of age or disease. A doctor writes the DNR order after talking with the person who’s ill. If the ill person isn't able to make decisions, the doctor will talk with a family member, typically a spouse, child, or parent. 

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Sources | Medically Reviewed on 1/22/2017 Reviewed by Carol DerSarkissian on January 22, 2017

IMAGES PROVIDED BY:

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SOURCES:

CDC: “About Adult BMI.”

Cleveland Clinic: “Do Not Resuscitate Orders & Comfort Care,” “HPV (Human Papilloma Virus): Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, & Treatment.”

FamilyDoctor.org: “BRAT Diet: Recovering From an Upset Stomach.”

Mayo Clinic: “CT scan,” “Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG),” “Sprains and strains,” “Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children,” “Urinary tract infection (UTI),” “TMJ disorders,” “Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS),” “Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis,” “MRI.”

NIH: “MIND diet associated with reduced incidence of Alzheimer's disease.”

Rush University Medical Center: “MIND Diet Repeatedly Ranked Among Best.”

Reviewed by Carol DerSarkissian on January 22, 2017

This tool does not provide medical advice. See additional information.

THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.