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What are the first drugs commonly used to treat children with ADHD and how do they work?

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The first drugs doctors commonly used to treat children with ADHD are stimulant medicines such as:

Experts believe these medicines improve ADHD symptoms by making more of the chemical dopamine available to the brain. Dopamine is found in areas of the brain that control mood and attention.

  • Dexmethylphenidate (Focalin)
  • Dextroamphetamine (Adderall)
  • Lisdexamfetamine (Vyvanse)
  • Methylphenidate (Concerta, Quillivant, Ritalin)

SOURCES:

National Institute of Mental Health: "What medications are used to treat ADHD?"

Subcommittee on Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Steering Committee on Quality Improvement and Management. , Oct. 16, 2011. Pediatrics

Brinkman, W. , April 2011. Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics

American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry and American Psychiatric Association: “ADHD Parents Medication Guide.”

Reviewed by Smitha Bhandari on June 27, 2019

SOURCES:

National Institute of Mental Health: "What medications are used to treat ADHD?"

Subcommittee on Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Steering Committee on Quality Improvement and Management. , Oct. 16, 2011. Pediatrics

Brinkman, W. , April 2011. Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics

American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry and American Psychiatric Association: “ADHD Parents Medication Guide.”

Reviewed by Smitha Bhandari on June 27, 2019

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What non-stimulant drugs may be used to treat ADHD?

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