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What tests are used to diagnose ADHD?

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To confirm a diagnosis of ADHD or learning differences, a battery of tests may be given to assess a child's neurological and psychological status. The tests include:

  • A medical and social history of both the child and the family.
  • A physical exam and neurological assessment that includes screenings of vision, hearing, and verbal and motor skills. More tests may be given if there is a possibility that hyperactivity is related to some other physical problem.
  • An evaluation of intelligence, aptitude, personality traits, or processing skills. These evaluations are often done with input from the parents and teachers if the child is of school age.
  • A scan, called the Neuropsychiatric EEG-Based Assessment Aid System, that measures theta and beta brain waves. The theta/beta ratio has been shown to be higher in children and adolescents with ADHD than in children without it.

SOURCES: 

Heart Rhythm Society. 

American Academy of Pediatrics. 

National Institute of Mental Health. 

Attention Deficit Disorder Association. 

The American Academy of Family Physicians. 

Medscape: "Once-Daily Guanfacine Approved to Treat ADHD." 

Intuniv web site.

Attention Deficit Disorder Resources: "Medication Management for Adults with ADHD." 

Strattera web site. 

National Institute of Mental Health: "Questions Raised about Stimulants and Sudden Death." 

HelpGuide.org: "ADD & ADHD Medications." 

News release, Pfizer.

FDA: "FDA permits marketing of first brain wave test to help assess children and teens for ADHD."

Reviewed by Smitha Bhandari on March 25, 2019

SOURCES: 

Heart Rhythm Society. 

American Academy of Pediatrics. 

National Institute of Mental Health. 

Attention Deficit Disorder Association. 

The American Academy of Family Physicians. 

Medscape: "Once-Daily Guanfacine Approved to Treat ADHD." 

Intuniv web site.

Attention Deficit Disorder Resources: "Medication Management for Adults with ADHD." 

Strattera web site. 

National Institute of Mental Health: "Questions Raised about Stimulants and Sudden Death." 

HelpGuide.org: "ADD & ADHD Medications." 

News release, Pfizer.

FDA: "FDA permits marketing of first brain wave test to help assess children and teens for ADHD."

Reviewed by Smitha Bhandari on March 25, 2019

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What are the treatments for ADHD?

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