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How do monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors work to treat ADHD?

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Monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors are a group of antidepressants that can treat ADHD with some benefit -- but they're rarely used because they sometimes have dangerous side effects and can cause serious problems when you take them with foods and other medications. They may help people if no other medications have worked. Examples include phenelzine (Nardil) or tranylcypromine (Parnate).

SOURCES:

Strattera web site.

Kapvay web site: "Monthly Prescribing Reference."

Food and Drug Administration.

American Academy of Childhood and Adolescent Psychiatry.

Medscape web site: “Once-Daily Guanfacine Approved to Treat ADHD.”

Intuniv web site.

Attention Deficit Disorder Resources web site: “Medication Management for Adults with ADHD.”

WebMD Medical Reference: “Should My Child Take Stimulant Medications for ADHD?"

National Institute of Mental Health web site: “Questions Raised about Stimulants and Sudden Death.”

HelpGuide.org web site: “ADD & ADHD Medications.”

Reviewed by Smitha Bhandari on June 11, 2017

SOURCES:

Strattera web site.

Kapvay web site: "Monthly Prescribing Reference."

Food and Drug Administration.

American Academy of Childhood and Adolescent Psychiatry.

Medscape web site: “Once-Daily Guanfacine Approved to Treat ADHD.”

Intuniv web site.

Attention Deficit Disorder Resources web site: “Medication Management for Adults with ADHD.”

WebMD Medical Reference: “Should My Child Take Stimulant Medications for ADHD?"

National Institute of Mental Health web site: “Questions Raised about Stimulants and Sudden Death.”

HelpGuide.org web site: “ADD & ADHD Medications.”

Reviewed by Smitha Bhandari on June 11, 2017

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How does venlafaxine (Effexor and Effexor XR) work to treat ADHD?

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