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What causes rejection sensitive dysphoria (RSD)?

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Doctors believe gene changes that are passed down through families cause RSD. Serious trauma -- like abuse or neglect -- can make the symptoms worse.

When you have ADHD, your nervous system overreacts to things from the outside world. Any sense of rejection can set off your stress response and cause an emotional reaction that's much more extreme than usual.

Sometimes the criticism or rejection is imagined, but not always. ADHD researchers estimate that by age 12, children with ADHD get 20,000 more negative messages about themselves than other kids their age. All that criticism can take a real toll on their self-esteem.

SOURCES:

ADDitude: "How ADHD Ignites Rejection Sensitive Dysphoria," "Parental Criticism May Worsen ADHD Symptoms."

Children and Adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (CHADD): "Redefining ADHD for the Rest of Us."

Depression Alliance: "Rejection Sensitive Dysphoria: What Is It and How to Deal With It."

National Institute of Mental Health: "Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder."

Reviewed by Smitha Bhandari on June 12, 2018

SOURCES:

ADDitude: "How ADHD Ignites Rejection Sensitive Dysphoria," "Parental Criticism May Worsen ADHD Symptoms."

Children and Adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (CHADD): "Redefining ADHD for the Rest of Us."

Depression Alliance: "Rejection Sensitive Dysphoria: What Is It and How to Deal With It."

National Institute of Mental Health: "Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder."

Reviewed by Smitha Bhandari on June 12, 2018

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What types of medicine work well to ease rejection sensitive dysphoria (RSD) symptoms?

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