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How are patients with severe food allergies treated?

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Patients with severe food allergies must be prepared to treat an unintended exposure. Even people who know a lot about their allergies occasionally make mistakes. To protect themselves, people who have had anaphylactic reactions to a certain food should wear medical alert bracelets or necklaces stating that they have a food allergy and that they are subject to severe reactions. Such people should always carry two syringes of adrenaline (epinephrine), obtained by prescription from their doctors, and be prepared to self-administer it if they think they are getting a food allergic reaction.

Even if they're unsure that they're having an reaction, they should still get injected as a precaution because it will not hurt them -- and could save their life. They should then immediately seek medical help by either calling 911 or by getting a ride to the emergency room. Anaphylactic allergic reactions can be fatal, even when they start off with mild symptoms such as a tingling in the mouth and throat or gastrointestinal discomfort.

From: Food Allergy and Food Intolerance WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: "Fact Sheet: Food Allergy and Intolerances."  UpToDate. American Academy of Allergy Asthma & Immunology.

Reviewed by Brunilda Nazario on October 29, 2018

SOURCES:

The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: "Fact Sheet: Food Allergy and Intolerances."  UpToDate. American Academy of Allergy Asthma & Immunology.

Reviewed by Brunilda Nazario on October 29, 2018

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What medications do doctors use to treat food allergies?

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