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What are the signs of sundowning?

ANSWER

When someone is sundowning, they may be:

  • Agitated (upset or anxious)
  • Restless
  • Irritable
  • Confused
  • Disoriented
  • Demanding
  • Suspicious

They also may:

  • Yell
  • Pace
  • Hear or see things that aren’t there
  • Have mood swings

SOURCES:

National Institute on Aging: “Sundowning.”

Alzheimer’s Association: “Sundowning.”

Khachiyants, N. Psychiatry Investigation, December 2011.

Alzheimer’s Foundation of America: “Behavioral Challenges: Coping With … Sundowning.”

Schwartz, J. Current Neuropharmacology, December 2008.

Alzheimer’s Association: “Sleep Issues and Sundowning.”

Family Caregiver Alliance: “Caregiver’s Guide to Understanding Dementia Behaviors.”

National Institute on Aging: “Caring for a Person with Alzheimer’s Disease.”

Reviewed by Christopher Melinosky on December 4, 2019

SOURCES:

National Institute on Aging: “Sundowning.”

Alzheimer’s Association: “Sundowning.”

Khachiyants, N. Psychiatry Investigation, December 2011.

Alzheimer’s Foundation of America: “Behavioral Challenges: Coping With … Sundowning.”

Schwartz, J. Current Neuropharmacology, December 2008.

Alzheimer’s Association: “Sleep Issues and Sundowning.”

Family Caregiver Alliance: “Caregiver’s Guide to Understanding Dementia Behaviors.”

National Institute on Aging: “Caring for a Person with Alzheimer’s Disease.”

Reviewed by Christopher Melinosky on December 4, 2019

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What causes sundowning?

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