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What are the symptoms of vascular dementia?

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This type of dementia usually follows a major stroke, or one or more silent strokes, which can happen without you realizing it. The symptoms depend on which part of the brain the stroke affected.

While Alzheimer's usually begins with memory problems, vascular dementia more often starts with poor judgment or trouble planning, organizing, and making decisions. Other symptoms may include:

  • Memory problems that disrupt your loved one's daily life
  • Trouble speaking or understanding speech
  • Problems recognizing sights and sounds that used to be familiar
  • Being confused or agitated
  • Changes in personality and mood
  • Problems walking and having frequent falls

SOURCES:

Alzheimer's Association: "Types of Dementia," "What Is Alzheimer's?""Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome,""Frontotemporal Dementia,""Mixed Dementia Symptoms."

National Institute on Aging: "Alzheimer's Disease,""About Alzheimer's Disease: Symptoms.""Lewy Body Dementia: Information for Patients, Families, and Professionals."

Centers for Disease Control: "Healthy Aging: Alzheimer's Disease."

Grabowski, TJ. Clinical features and diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease. UpToDate. Nov. 20, 2014.

National Institute on Aging: "Lewy Body Dementia: Information for Patients, Families, and Professionals."

McKhann, G. M.Alzheimer's Dementia, May 2011.

UpToDate: "Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus," "Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease," "Clinical Features and Diagnosis of Dementia with Lewy Bodies," "Frontotemporal Dementia: Clinical Features and Diagnosis," "Wernicke Encephalopathy," "Huntington Disease: Clinical Features and Diagnosis," "Etiology, Clinical Manifestations, and Diagnosis of Vascular Dementia."

Reviewed by Joseph Goldberg on February 11, 2017

SOURCES:

Alzheimer's Association: "Types of Dementia," "What Is Alzheimer's?""Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome,""Frontotemporal Dementia,""Mixed Dementia Symptoms."

National Institute on Aging: "Alzheimer's Disease,""About Alzheimer's Disease: Symptoms.""Lewy Body Dementia: Information for Patients, Families, and Professionals."

Centers for Disease Control: "Healthy Aging: Alzheimer's Disease."

Grabowski, TJ. Clinical features and diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease. UpToDate. Nov. 20, 2014.

National Institute on Aging: "Lewy Body Dementia: Information for Patients, Families, and Professionals."

McKhann, G. M.Alzheimer's Dementia, May 2011.

UpToDate: "Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus," "Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease," "Clinical Features and Diagnosis of Dementia with Lewy Bodies," "Frontotemporal Dementia: Clinical Features and Diagnosis," "Wernicke Encephalopathy," "Huntington Disease: Clinical Features and Diagnosis," "Etiology, Clinical Manifestations, and Diagnosis of Vascular Dementia."

Reviewed by Joseph Goldberg on February 11, 2017

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What are other symptoms of vascular dementia?

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