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What is normal pressure hydrocephalus?

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This type of dementia is caused by a buildup of fluid in the brain. The symptoms include problems walking, trouble thinking and concentrating, and personality and behavior changes.

Some symptoms can be treated by draining the extra fluid from the brain into the abdomen through a long, thin tube, called a shunt.

From: Types of Dementia WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

Alzheimer's Association: "Types of Dementia," "What Is Alzheimer's?""Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome,""Frontotemporal Dementia,""Mixed Dementia Symptoms."

National Institute on Aging: "Alzheimer's Disease,""About Alzheimer's Disease: Symptoms.""Lewy Body Dementia: Information for Patients, Families, and Professionals."

Centers for Disease Control: "Healthy Aging: Alzheimer's Disease."

Grabowski, TJ. Clinical features and diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease. UpToDate. Nov. 20, 2014.

National Institute on Aging: "Lewy Body Dementia: Information for Patients, Families, and Professionals."

McKhann, G. M.Alzheimer's Dementia, May 2011.

UpToDate: "Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus," "Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease," "Clinical Features and Diagnosis of Dementia with Lewy Bodies," "Frontotemporal Dementia: Clinical Features and Diagnosis," "Wernicke Encephalopathy," "Huntington Disease: Clinical Features and Diagnosis," "Etiology, Clinical Manifestations, and Diagnosis of Vascular Dementia."

Reviewed by Joseph Goldberg on February 11, 2017

SOURCES:

Alzheimer's Association: "Types of Dementia," "What Is Alzheimer's?""Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome,""Frontotemporal Dementia,""Mixed Dementia Symptoms."

National Institute on Aging: "Alzheimer's Disease,""About Alzheimer's Disease: Symptoms.""Lewy Body Dementia: Information for Patients, Families, and Professionals."

Centers for Disease Control: "Healthy Aging: Alzheimer's Disease."

Grabowski, TJ. Clinical features and diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease. UpToDate. Nov. 20, 2014.

National Institute on Aging: "Lewy Body Dementia: Information for Patients, Families, and Professionals."

McKhann, G. M.Alzheimer's Dementia, May 2011.

UpToDate: "Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus," "Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease," "Clinical Features and Diagnosis of Dementia with Lewy Bodies," "Frontotemporal Dementia: Clinical Features and Diagnosis," "Wernicke Encephalopathy," "Huntington Disease: Clinical Features and Diagnosis," "Etiology, Clinical Manifestations, and Diagnosis of Vascular Dementia."

Reviewed by Joseph Goldberg on February 11, 2017

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