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What is Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome?

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This disorder is caused by a severe shortage of thiamine (vitamin B-1) in the body. It most commonly happens in people who are long-term heavy drinkers.

The dementia symptom that's most common with this condition is a problem with memory. Usually a person's problem-solving and thinking skills aren't affected.

From: Types of Dementia WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

Alzheimer's Association: "Types of Dementia," "What Is Alzheimer's?""Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome,""Frontotemporal Dementia,""Mixed Dementia Symptoms."

National Institute on Aging: "Alzheimer's Disease,""About Alzheimer's Disease: Symptoms.""Lewy Body Dementia: Information for Patients, Families, and Professionals."

Centers for Disease Control: "Healthy Aging: Alzheimer's Disease."

Grabowski, TJ. Clinical features and diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease. UpToDate. Nov. 20, 2014.

National Institute on Aging: "Lewy Body Dementia: Information for Patients, Families, and Professionals."

McKhann, G. M.Alzheimer's Dementia, May 2011.

UpToDate: "Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus," "Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease," "Clinical Features and Diagnosis of Dementia with Lewy Bodies," "Frontotemporal Dementia: Clinical Features and Diagnosis," "Wernicke Encephalopathy," "Huntington Disease: Clinical Features and Diagnosis," "Etiology, Clinical Manifestations, and Diagnosis of Vascular Dementia."

Reviewed by Joseph Goldberg on February 11, 2017

SOURCES:

Alzheimer's Association: "Types of Dementia," "What Is Alzheimer's?""Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome,""Frontotemporal Dementia,""Mixed Dementia Symptoms."

National Institute on Aging: "Alzheimer's Disease,""About Alzheimer's Disease: Symptoms.""Lewy Body Dementia: Information for Patients, Families, and Professionals."

Centers for Disease Control: "Healthy Aging: Alzheimer's Disease."

Grabowski, TJ. Clinical features and diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease. UpToDate. Nov. 20, 2014.

National Institute on Aging: "Lewy Body Dementia: Information for Patients, Families, and Professionals."

McKhann, G. M.Alzheimer's Dementia, May 2011.

UpToDate: "Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus," "Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease," "Clinical Features and Diagnosis of Dementia with Lewy Bodies," "Frontotemporal Dementia: Clinical Features and Diagnosis," "Wernicke Encephalopathy," "Huntington Disease: Clinical Features and Diagnosis," "Etiology, Clinical Manifestations, and Diagnosis of Vascular Dementia."

Reviewed by Joseph Goldberg on February 11, 2017

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What role does genetics play in Alzheimer's disease?

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