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How is anti-anxiety medicine used to help with generalized anxiety disorder?

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If you have acute anxiety (marked by panic attacks), you will likely need to take an anti-anxiety medicine as well. The most prominent of anti-anxiety drugs for the purpose of immediate relief are those known as benzodiazepines; among them are alprazolam (Xanax), clonazepam (Klonopin), chlordiazepoxide (Librium), diazepam (Valium), and lorazepam (Ativan). However, benzodiazepines sometimes cause drowsiness, irritability, dizziness, memory and attention problems, and physical dependence. Nonetheless, in recent decades they have largely replaced barbiturates because they tend to be safer if taken in large doses.

Another anti-anxiety drug is busprirone (Buspar). It has fewer side effects than the benzodiazepines and is not associated with dependence. Buspar, however, can have its own side effects and may not always be as effective when a person has taken benzodiazepines in the past.

SOURCES: 

Starcevic, V. , Oxford University Press, 2005.  Anxiety Disorders in Adults: A Clinical Guide

American Psychiatric Association: , 2000.  Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders4th Edition

Journal of Clinical PsychiatryNew Perspectives for Treating GAD , , 2004.

Reviewed by Joseph Goldberg on February 11, 2017

SOURCES: 

Starcevic, V. , Oxford University Press, 2005.  Anxiety Disorders in Adults: A Clinical Guide

American Psychiatric Association: , 2000.  Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders4th Edition

Journal of Clinical PsychiatryNew Perspectives for Treating GAD , , 2004.

Reviewed by Joseph Goldberg on February 11, 2017

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What does therapy for generalized anxiety disorder involve?

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