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American Psychological Association: "Stress effects on the body."
Anxiety And Depression Association Of America: "Understand the Facts: Chronic Pain," "Understand the Facts: Symptoms," "Stress and Anxiety Interfere With Sleep."
Cleveland Clinic: "Anxiety Disorders."
Clujul Medical: "Anxiety and IBS revisited: ten years later."
Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench: "Psychological disorders in patients with chronic constipation."
Harvard Health Publications: "Understanding the stress response," "Anxiety and physical illness," "Why stress causes people to overeat," "The gut-brain connection."
International Journal of Impotence Research: "The relationship of serum and salivary cortisol levels to male sexual dysfunction as measured by the International Index of Erectile Function."
Journal of Sexual Medicine: "Chronic stress and sexual function in women."
National Sleep Foundation: "How Does Anxiety Affect Sleep?"
Public Health Review: "Anxiety and Depression: Linkages with Viral Diseases."
Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity: "High anxiety: Recognizing stress as the stressor."
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office on Women's Health: "Reproductive health and mental health."
Reviewed by Smitha Bhandari, MD on March 21, 2019
This tool does not provide medical advice. See additional information.
THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.
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