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How are swollen joints (joint effusion) caused by inflammatory types of arthritis treated?

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For inflammatory types of arthritis such as RA, psoriatic arthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis, treatment may include NSAIDs, steroid medications, and the newer types of drugs that affect the immune system. These include the disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs), biologic agents such as tumor necrosis factor inhibitors, and enzyme inhibitors which can block the proteins that cause inflammation.

SOURCES: American College of Rheumatology: "Joint Injection/Aspiration." MedlinePlus: Medical Encyclopedia: "Swollen Joints" and "Shoulder Injuries and Disorders." Arthritis Foundation: "Osteoarthritis;" "Rheumatoid Arthritis;" "Gout;" "Ankylosing Spondylitis;" "Psoriatic Arthritis;" and "Systemic Lupus Erythematotus." The Merck Manual of Medical Information: "Infectious Arthritis." McIlwain H. and Bruce, D. Diet for a Pain Free Life, Marlowe, 2007. McIlwain H. and Bruce, D. Pain-Free Arthritis, Holt, 2003; National Psoriasis Foundation.

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson on August 28, 2020

SOURCES: American College of Rheumatology: "Joint Injection/Aspiration." MedlinePlus: Medical Encyclopedia: "Swollen Joints" and "Shoulder Injuries and Disorders." Arthritis Foundation: "Osteoarthritis;" "Rheumatoid Arthritis;" "Gout;" "Ankylosing Spondylitis;" "Psoriatic Arthritis;" and "Systemic Lupus Erythematotus." The Merck Manual of Medical Information: "Infectious Arthritis." McIlwain H. and Bruce, D. Diet for a Pain Free Life, Marlowe, 2007. McIlwain H. and Bruce, D. Pain-Free Arthritis, Holt, 2003; National Psoriasis Foundation.

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson on August 28, 2020

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How are swollen joints (joint effusion) caused by acute gout treated?

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