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Is fibromyalgia a type of inflammatory rheumatism?

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Yes. Fibromyalgia is a type of inflammatory rheumatism or rheumatic disorder. These conditions include many different forms of arthritis that lead to painful, swollen joints. They can also affect bones, cartilage, ligaments, tendons, and muscles. Some can even involve your organs.

Fibromyalgia causes inflammation and widespread pain. It’s more likely to affect you if you already have another autoimmune condition.

Doctors treat fibromyalgia with antidepressants. Other drugs work by blocking the nerves that cause pain. Exercise and alternative therapies like acupuncture and massage also may help.

Experts say there are more than 200 rheumatic disorders, including:

Most of these conditions happen when your immune system goes awry and attacks your own tissues. Doctors aren’t sure what causes this. Sometimes it’s in your genes. Other times it’s a result of something in the world around you, like cigarette smoke, pollution, or something that causes an infection. Gender also plays a role -- rheumatic diseases seem to affect women more than men. Most rheumatic diseases affect adults, but children can get them too.

  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Psoriatic arthritis
  • Juvenile idiopathic arthritis
  • Spondyloarthritis
  • Gout
  • Scleroderma
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Lyme disease
  • Sjögren's syndrome
  • Vasculitis

SOURCES:

National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases: “Rheumatoid Arthritis,” “Juvenile Arthritis.”

Eular.org: “10 things you should know about rheumatic diseases.”

Arthritis Foundation: “Infectious Arthritis.”

Mayo Clinic: “Fibromyalgia,” “Rheumatoid Arthritis,” “Osteoarthritis,” “Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.”

Harvard Health: “Chronic Lyme arthritis: A mystery solved?”

American College of Rheumatology: “Rheumatic diseases in America: the problem, the impact, and the answers,” “Osteoarthritis,” “Juvenile Arthritis,” “Spondyloarthritis,” “Gout,” “Lupus,” Fibromyalgia,” “Scleroderma,” “Carpal Tunnel Syndrome,” “Lyme Disease,” “Sjogren’s Syndrome,” “Vasculitis,” “What is a Rheumatologist?”

UpToDate: “Undifferentiated early inflammatory arthritis in adults.”

Reviewed by Gabriela Pichardo on April 30, 2020

SOURCES:

National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases: “Rheumatoid Arthritis,” “Juvenile Arthritis.”

Eular.org: “10 things you should know about rheumatic diseases.”

Arthritis Foundation: “Infectious Arthritis.”

Mayo Clinic: “Fibromyalgia,” “Rheumatoid Arthritis,” “Osteoarthritis,” “Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.”

Harvard Health: “Chronic Lyme arthritis: A mystery solved?”

American College of Rheumatology: “Rheumatic diseases in America: the problem, the impact, and the answers,” “Osteoarthritis,” “Juvenile Arthritis,” “Spondyloarthritis,” “Gout,” “Lupus,” Fibromyalgia,” “Scleroderma,” “Carpal Tunnel Syndrome,” “Lyme Disease,” “Sjogren’s Syndrome,” “Vasculitis,” “What is a Rheumatologist?”

UpToDate: “Undifferentiated early inflammatory arthritis in adults.”

Reviewed by Gabriela Pichardo on April 30, 2020

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Is scleroderma a type of inflammatory rheumatism?

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