PREVIOUS QUESTION:

 

NEXT QUESTION:

 

How do anticholinergic bronchodilators work?

ANSWER

Anticholinergics are bronchodilators mainly used to treat COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease such as emphysema) and asthma.

Atrovent (an anticholinergic bronchodilator) is used to treat COPD. It is available as an inhaler and also in a nebulizer solution. A dry throat is the most common side effect. If the medication gets in the eyes, it may cause blurred vision for a short period of time.

A long-acting anticholinergic inhaler, tiotropium bromide (Spiriva Respimat) may be used by asthmatics and those with COPD. For treating asthma, people 6 years of age and older may use this medication once daily as a long-term maintenance drug. For COPD, this drug may be used as a long-term maintenance medication and for treating COPD exacerbations when airway obstruction persists after an inhaled bronchodilator.

SOURCES: National Jewish Medical and Research Center: "Inhaled Medication with a Metered Dose Inhaler (MDI)."  Asthma Society of Canada: "How to Use Your Inhaler." Science Daily: "New Asthma Inhaler Propellant Effective, but Costlier." Children's Hospital Boston: "Allergy Treatment." Boehringer Ingelheim: "US FDA Expands Approval of Tiotropium Respimat® for Maintenance Treatment of Asthma in Children." FDA. Prescribing Information: Spiriva Respimat.
American Academy of Asthma, Allergy & Immunology: "Asthma" and "Allergy and Asthma Drug Guide."






Reviewed by Minesh Khatri on May 12, 2019

SOURCES: National Jewish Medical and Research Center: "Inhaled Medication with a Metered Dose Inhaler (MDI)."  Asthma Society of Canada: "How to Use Your Inhaler." Science Daily: "New Asthma Inhaler Propellant Effective, but Costlier." Children's Hospital Boston: "Allergy Treatment." Boehringer Ingelheim: "US FDA Expands Approval of Tiotropium Respimat® for Maintenance Treatment of Asthma in Children." FDA. Prescribing Information: Spiriva Respimat.
American Academy of Asthma, Allergy & Immunology: "Asthma" and "Allergy and Asthma Drug Guide."






Reviewed by Minesh Khatri on May 12, 2019

NEXT QUESTION:

What is theophylline?

WAS THIS ANSWER HELPFUL

THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.

    This tool does not provide medical advice. See additional information.

    Other Answers On: