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What are the treatments for wheezing if it is caused by asthma?

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First, see a doctor to determine the cause of your wheezing and get treatment for the specific cause.

If wheezing is caused by asthma, your doctor may recommend some or all of the following to reduce inflammation and open the airways:

  • A fast-acting bronchodilator inhaler -- albuterol (Proventil HFA, Ventolin HFA), levalbuterol (Xopenex ) -- to dilate constricted airways when you have respiratory symptoms.
  • An inhaled corticosteroid -- beclomethasone (Qvar), budesonide (Pulmicort), ciclesonide (Alvesco), flunisolide (Aerospan), fluticasone (Flovent), mometasone (Asmanex).
  • A long-acting bronchodilator/corticosteroid combination -- budesonide/formoterol (Symbicort), fluticasone/salmeterol (Advair).
  • A long-acting anticholinergic -- tiotropium bromide (Spiriva Respimat). This drug is used in addition to a regular maintenance medication for better symptom control, and can be used by anyone age 6 and older.
  • An asthma controller pill to reduce airway inflammation -- montelukast (Singulair), zafirlukast (Accolate)
  • A non-sedating antihistamine pill -- cetirizine (Zyrtec), fexofenadine (Allegra), loratadine (Claritin, Alavert) -- or a prescription nasal spray -- budesonide (Rhinocort), fluticasone propionate (Flonase), mometasone furoate (Nasonex), triamcinolone acetonide (Nasacort AQ) -- if you have nasal allergies. Flonase, Nasacort Allergy 24HR and Rhinocort Allergy are also available over the counter.

SOURCES: 

American Lung Association: "Diseases A-Z." 

Albert, RH.   December 01, 2010. American Family Physician,

MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: "Wheezing."

UpToDate.com. “Patient information: Allergic rhinitis (seasonal allergies) (Beyond the Basics).”

Boehringer Ingelheim: "US FDA Expands Approval of Tiotropium Respimat® for Maintenance Treatment of Asthma in Children."

FDA. Prescribing Information: Spiriva Respimat.

 

Reviewed by Carol DerSarkissian on August 6, 2017

SOURCES: 

American Lung Association: "Diseases A-Z." 

Albert, RH.   December 01, 2010. American Family Physician,

MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: "Wheezing."

UpToDate.com. “Patient information: Allergic rhinitis (seasonal allergies) (Beyond the Basics).”

Boehringer Ingelheim: "US FDA Expands Approval of Tiotropium Respimat® for Maintenance Treatment of Asthma in Children."

FDA. Prescribing Information: Spiriva Respimat.

 

Reviewed by Carol DerSarkissian on August 6, 2017

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What are the treatments for wheezing if it is caused by acute bronchitis?

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