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How is horseshoe kidney diagnosed?

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See your child’s doctor. She’ll ask about your child’s symptoms and health history, and she’ll do a physical exam. She may also suggest other tests, such as:

  • Blood tests to see how well the kidneys are working
  • Urine tests, which check for signs of infection
  • Kidney ultrasound, a test that uses sound waves to make a picture of the organ. It can help the doctor see any kidney stones, cysts, or tumors.
  • Intravenous pyelogram (IVP) or voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG), X-rays that show how urine flows inside the body

SOURCES:

Boston Children’s Hospital: “Horseshoe Kidney in Children,” “Horseshoe Kidney Symptoms & Causes,” “Treatments for Horseshoe Kidney in Children.” 

University of Rochester Medical Center: “Horseshoe Kidney (Renal Fusion) in Children.”

Merriam-Webster: “Genitourinary tract.”

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: “Symptoms & Causes of Kidney Stones in Children.”

U.S. National Library of Medicine: “What is a chromosome?” “What is DNA?” “Turner Syndrome,” “Trisomy 18.” 

Reviewed by Amita Shroff on January 23, 2018

SOURCES:

Boston Children’s Hospital: “Horseshoe Kidney in Children,” “Horseshoe Kidney Symptoms & Causes,” “Treatments for Horseshoe Kidney in Children.” 

University of Rochester Medical Center: “Horseshoe Kidney (Renal Fusion) in Children.”

Merriam-Webster: “Genitourinary tract.”

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: “Symptoms & Causes of Kidney Stones in Children.”

U.S. National Library of Medicine: “What is a chromosome?” “What is DNA?” “Turner Syndrome,” “Trisomy 18.” 

Reviewed by Amita Shroff on January 23, 2018

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