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What are reported risks for the baby if you take antidepressants while pregnant?

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Reported risks for the baby include:

  • Persistent pulmonary hypertension in the newborn (PPHN), a serious condition of the blood vessels of the lungs.
  • Miscarriage
  • Heart defects
  • Birth defects, including anencephaly (affecting the spinal cord and brain), craniosynostosis (affecting the skull), omphalocele (affecting the abdominal organs), and limb malformation
  • Preterm birth (being born before 37 weeks gestation)
  • Low birth weight (being born less than 5 pounds, 8 ounces)
  • Low Apgar scores

From: Pregnancy and Antidepressants WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

Chambers, C. , Feb. 9, 2006; vol 354: pp 579-587. The New England Journal of Medicine

Nakhai-Pour, R. July 2010; vol 182: pp 1031-1037. Canadian Medical Association Journal,

Louik, C. , June 28, 2007; vol 356: pp 2732-2734. The New England Journal of Medicine

Alwan, S. , June 28, 2007; vol 356: pp 2684-2692. The New England Journal of Medicine

News release, American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.

Massachusetts General Hospital: "Psychiatric Disorders During Pregnancy."

CDC: "Use of Medications in Pregnant Women."

National Institute of Mental Health: "Which groups have special needs when taking psychiatric medications?"

March of Dimes: "Your Premature Baby."

National Institute of Mental Health: "Women and Depression."

Mayo Clinic: "Antidepressants: Safe during pregnancy?"

Lori Wolfe, president, Organization of Teratology Information Specialists (OTIS).

Reviewed by Trina Pagano on October 31, 2018

SOURCES:

Chambers, C. , Feb. 9, 2006; vol 354: pp 579-587. The New England Journal of Medicine

Nakhai-Pour, R. July 2010; vol 182: pp 1031-1037. Canadian Medical Association Journal,

Louik, C. , June 28, 2007; vol 356: pp 2732-2734. The New England Journal of Medicine

Alwan, S. , June 28, 2007; vol 356: pp 2684-2692. The New England Journal of Medicine

News release, American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.

Massachusetts General Hospital: "Psychiatric Disorders During Pregnancy."

CDC: "Use of Medications in Pregnant Women."

National Institute of Mental Health: "Which groups have special needs when taking psychiatric medications?"

March of Dimes: "Your Premature Baby."

National Institute of Mental Health: "Women and Depression."

Mayo Clinic: "Antidepressants: Safe during pregnancy?"

Lori Wolfe, president, Organization of Teratology Information Specialists (OTIS).

Reviewed by Trina Pagano on October 31, 2018

NEXT QUESTION:

What antidepressants are considered safer to take while pregnant?

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