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    Answer a few questions to find out if you're well-prepared.

    What's your main reason for having low back surgery?

    Reviewed by Arefa Cassoobhoy, MD, MPH on April 18, 2016



    American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: “Smoking Threatens Orthopaedic Outcomes," "Preparing for Low Back Surgery," Scoliosis Surgery: Things to Consider."

    American Massage Therapy Association: "Massage Can Aid in Pain Relief."

    American Psychological Association: "Stress Effects on the Body."

    Cleveland Clinic: "Laminectomy: Surgery for Back Pain."

    Emory Healthcare: "Before Surgery: Preparing Your Home."

    Federico Girardi, MD, orthopedic spine surgeon, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York.

    Holy Cross Health: "Anesthesia: preoperative Information for Patients," "Spine Surgery."

    Hospital for Special Surgery: "Understanding Hospital Charges."

    Ronald A. Lehman Jr., MD, professor of orthopedic surgery, Columbia University Medical Center; director of degenerative and minimally invasive spine surgery, Columbia Orthopedics, New York.

    Jane W. McCabe, California-based occupational therapist and certified aging-in-place specialist.

    National Institute on Drug Abuse: "What Are Opioids?"

    Stefan Prada, MD, orthopedic surgeon, Laser Spine Institute, Tampa, FL.

    Saskatchewan Spine Pathway Working Group of the Saskatchewan Ministry of Health (Canada): “Back Surgery: A Guide for Patients and Their Coaches.”

    U.S. Department of Labor: "The Family and Medical Leave Act."

    Wake Forest Medical Center: "Preparing For Spinal Surgery: A Guide for Patients and Families."

    Eliasen, M. Annals of Surgery, December 2013.

    Johns Hopkins Medicine: “Cervical Disk Replacement,” “Lumbar Disk Replacement.” 

    National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism: "Using Alcohol to Relieve Your Pain: What Are the Risks?"

    North American Spine Society: "Spinal Fusion."

    University of Michigan: "How to Care for Yourself After Lumbar Spinal Fusion."

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    THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE.  It is intended for informational purposes only. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.