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What are the causes of spondylolisthesis?

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There are many causes for spondylolithesis. A vertebra might be defective from the time a person is born, or a vertebra may be broken by trauma or a stress fracture. In addition, vertebrae can be broken down by infection or disease.

From: Management of Back Pain WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES: WebMD Health News: “FDA Approves Cymbalta for Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain.”

Davis R. . August 2013. Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson on October 17, 2017

SOURCES: WebMD Health News: “FDA Approves Cymbalta for Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain.”

Davis R. . August 2013. Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson on October 17, 2017

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What are the symptoms of spondylolisthesis?

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