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What are the treatments for spondylolisthesis?

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Spondylolisthesis is treated with the strengthening of supportive abdominal and back muscles through physical therapy. Acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines, such as ketoprofen (Frotek), ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil), and naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn) may help with pain. Epidural steroid injections may also be effective. For patients who continue to have severe pain and disability despite these treatments, there are options such as decompressive laminectomy. That's when the spinal canal is widened (to make more room for nerves and a spinal fusion is done to stabilize the spinal cord), with or without surgical fusion (arthrodesis) of the vertebra, or the use of an implanted device to stabilize the vertebrae in the lower back while permitting more normal movement.

From: Management of Back Pain WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES: WebMD Health News: “FDA Approves Cymbalta for Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain.”

Davis R. . August 2013. Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson on October 17, 2017

SOURCES: WebMD Health News: “FDA Approves Cymbalta for Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain.”

Davis R. . August 2013. Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine

Reviewed by Jennifer Robinson on October 17, 2017

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What are the causes of cervical radiculopathy?

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