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American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: "Osteoporosis and Spinal Fractures," "Spinal Fusion."
Cleveland Clinic: "Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery."
Columbia Neurosurgery: "Spinal Compression Fractures."
Johns Hopkins Medicine: "Kyphoplasty."
Penn Medicine: "Percutaneous vertebroplasty."
Resnick, D. Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty, 2011.
The Mount Sinai Hospital: "Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty Information."
University of Alabama at Birmingham: "Kyphoplasty/Vertebroplasty."
University of Maryland Medical Center: "Lumbar Compression Fractures."
University of Michigan Health System: "How to Care for Yourself After Lumbar Spinal Fusion."
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center: "Spinal Fusion."
Weill Cornell Brain and Spine Center: "Surgery for Spinal Compression Fractures."
Reviewed by Melinda Ratini, DO, MS on June 26, 2018
This tool does not provide medical advice. See additional information.
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