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What are symptoms of bipolar disorder?

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Symptoms of bipolar disorder can fall between two extreme mood states:

1. Bipolar depression, which includes feelings of being sad, hopeless, helpless, and worthless

2. Bipolar mania, which includes feelings of elation and exuberance coupled with increased energy and activity and little need for sleep

In addition, people with bipolar disorder can have manic episodes that occur simultaneously with depressive symptoms, or vice versa. When a manic or depressive episode simultaneously includes symptoms of the opposite pole, that episode is said to have "mixed features."

From: Preventing Bipolar Disorder WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

American Psychiatric Association: "Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Patients With Bipolar Disorder."

Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance: "Bipolar Disorder" and "Signs and Symptoms."

National Mental Health Information Center: "Children's Mental Health Facts: Bipolar Disorder."

National Foundation for Depressive Illness: "Depression Facts."

National Institute of Mental Health: "Different Families, Different Characteristics: Different Types of Bipolar Disorder?" and "Step-BD Women's Studies."

National Mental Health Association: "Bipolar Disorder: What You Need to Know."

American Psychiatric Association. Text Revision. Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association; 2000. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition,

Reviewed by Joseph Goldberg on March 02, 2018

SOURCES:

American Psychiatric Association: "Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Patients With Bipolar Disorder."

Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance: "Bipolar Disorder" and "Signs and Symptoms."

National Mental Health Information Center: "Children's Mental Health Facts: Bipolar Disorder."

National Foundation for Depressive Illness: "Depression Facts."

National Institute of Mental Health: "Different Families, Different Characteristics: Different Types of Bipolar Disorder?" and "Step-BD Women's Studies."

National Mental Health Association: "Bipolar Disorder: What You Need to Know."

American Psychiatric Association. Text Revision. Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association; 2000. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition,

Reviewed by Joseph Goldberg on March 02, 2018

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What are symptoms of bipolar depression?

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