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What is bipolar depression?

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Bipolar depression is a prolonged state (at least 2 weeks at a time) of low energy levels and sadness or irritability. Symptoms of the bipolar depression may include a pessimistic attitude, social withdrawal, thoughts of death or suicide, extreme sadness, and irritability.

From: Bipolar Disorder: Who’s at Risk? WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition.

Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance: "Bipolar Statistics."

Child and Adolescent Bipolar Foundation: "Hypothyroidism: Is It Contributing to Your Child's Symptoms?"

Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance: "Types of Bipolar Disorder."

National Institute of Mental Health: "Different Families, Different Characteristics: Different Types of Bipolar Disorder?"

National Foundation for Depressive Illness: "Depression Facts."

National Alliance on Mental Illness: "Roadmap to Recovery and Care."

National Mental Health Association: "Bipolar Disorder: What You Need to Know."

Fieve, R. . Bipolar II

Reviewed by Smitha Bhandari on August 17, 2017

SOURCES:

American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition.

Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance: "Bipolar Statistics."

Child and Adolescent Bipolar Foundation: "Hypothyroidism: Is It Contributing to Your Child's Symptoms?"

Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance: "Types of Bipolar Disorder."

National Institute of Mental Health: "Different Families, Different Characteristics: Different Types of Bipolar Disorder?"

National Foundation for Depressive Illness: "Depression Facts."

National Alliance on Mental Illness: "Roadmap to Recovery and Care."

National Mental Health Association: "Bipolar Disorder: What You Need to Know."

Fieve, R. . Bipolar II

Reviewed by Smitha Bhandari on August 17, 2017

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Who is at risk of bipolar disorder?

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THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.

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