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What is bipolar II disorder?

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Bipolar II disorder (pronounced "bipolar two") is a form of mental illness. Bipolar II is similar to bipolar I disorder, with moods cycling between high and low over time. But in bipolar II disorder, the "up" moods never reach full-blown mania. The less-intense elevated moods in bipolar II disorder are called hypomanic episodes, or hypomania. A person affected by bipolar II disorder has had at least one hypomanic episode in his or her life. Most people with bipolar II disorder have times of depression more often than hypomania.

SOURCES:
Moore, D. Handbook of Medical Psychiatry, Mosby, 2004.
National Institute of Mental Health web site: "Bipolar Disorder."
Medical News Today: "Study Identifies Predictors Of Bipolar Disorders Risk."
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise: "Bipolar Disorder -- What Increases Your Risk."

Reviewed by Smitha Bhandari on April 14, 2020

SOURCES:
Moore, D. Handbook of Medical Psychiatry, Mosby, 2004.
National Institute of Mental Health web site: "Bipolar Disorder."
Medical News Today: "Study Identifies Predictors Of Bipolar Disorders Risk."
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise: "Bipolar Disorder -- What Increases Your Risk."

Reviewed by Smitha Bhandari on April 14, 2020

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Who is at risk for bipolar II disorder?

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