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What is electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)?

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Electroconvulsive therapy, also known as ECT or electroshock therapy, is a short-term treatment for severe manic or depressive episodes, especially when symptoms involve serious suicidal or psychotic symptoms, or when medicines don’t seem to work. It can be effective in nearly 75% of patients.

SOURCES:

National Institute for Mental Health: "Step-BD Women's Studies."

Massachusetts General Hospital Bipolar Clinic & Research Program.

MedicineNet.com: "Bipolar Disorder (Mania)."

American Psychiatric Association: "Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Patients With Bipolar Disorder."

Reviewed by Smitha Bhandari on March 18, 2019

SOURCES:

National Institute for Mental Health: "Step-BD Women's Studies."

Massachusetts General Hospital Bipolar Clinic & Research Program.

MedicineNet.com: "Bipolar Disorder (Mania)."

American Psychiatric Association: "Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Patients With Bipolar Disorder."

Reviewed by Smitha Bhandari on March 18, 2019

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How does electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) for bipolar disorder work, and when is it used?

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