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What are the symptoms of pseudobulbar affect?

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If you or someone you love has pseudobulbar affect, you might notice:

The outbursts occur several times a day many times a month.

  • Sudden, extra intense fits of crying or laughter that you can't control
  • Crying or laughter that doesn't seem right for the situation
  • Episodes that last longer than you expect
  • Outbursts of frustration and anger
  • Facial expressions that don't match emotions

From: What Is Pseudobulbar Affect? WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

Ahmed, A. , November 29, 2013. Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management

Brain Injury Association of America: "What is pseudobulbar affect (PBA)?

Cruz, M. , June 2013. Pharmacy and Therapeutics

Johns Hopkins Health Library: "Electroencephalogram (EEG)."

Merriam-Webster Dictionary: "Prefrontal Cortex."

National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences: "Pseudobulbar affect."

National Multiple Sclerosis Society: "Pseudobulbar Affect."

National Stroke Association: "Pseudobulbar Affect. -- PBA."

News Release, Avanir Pharmaceuticals.

Reviewed by Smitha Bhandari on June 6, 2018

SOURCES:

Ahmed, A. , November 29, 2013. Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management

Brain Injury Association of America: "What is pseudobulbar affect (PBA)?

Cruz, M. , June 2013. Pharmacy and Therapeutics

Johns Hopkins Health Library: "Electroencephalogram (EEG)."

Merriam-Webster Dictionary: "Prefrontal Cortex."

National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences: "Pseudobulbar affect."

National Multiple Sclerosis Society: "Pseudobulbar Affect."

National Stroke Association: "Pseudobulbar Affect. -- PBA."

News Release, Avanir Pharmaceuticals.

Reviewed by Smitha Bhandari on June 6, 2018

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How can you tell if you have pseudobulbar affect?

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