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What is acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM)?

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Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is a rare kind of inflammation that affects the brain and spinal cord. It damages myelin, the protective coating of nerve fibers. Most often, children under age 10 will get it.

While symptoms can be severe, they can be treated. Most people make a full recovery and don't have another attack.

SOURCES:

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke: "NINDS Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis Information Page."

Medscape: "Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis."

The Transverse Myelitis Association: "Disease Information."

National Multiple Sclerosis Society: "Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis (ADEM)."

Children's Healthcare of Atlanta: "Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis (ADEM): Patient and Family Education."

National Organization for Rare Disorders: "Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis."

Cleveland Clinic: "Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis (ADEM)."

Boston Children's Hospital: "Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis (ADEM) Testing and Diagnosis," "Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis And Related Disorders Program at Boston Children's Hospital," "Treatments for Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis (ADEM) in Children," "Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) symptoms & causes in children."

UpToDate: "Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis in children: Treatment and prognosis."

Reviewed by Neil Lava on May 06, 2018

SOURCES:

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke: "NINDS Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis Information Page."

Medscape: "Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis."

The Transverse Myelitis Association: "Disease Information."

National Multiple Sclerosis Society: "Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis (ADEM)."

Children's Healthcare of Atlanta: "Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis (ADEM): Patient and Family Education."

National Organization for Rare Disorders: "Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis."

Cleveland Clinic: "Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis (ADEM)."

Boston Children's Hospital: "Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis (ADEM) Testing and Diagnosis," "Pediatric Multiple Sclerosis And Related Disorders Program at Boston Children's Hospital," "Treatments for Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis (ADEM) in Children," "Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) symptoms & causes in children."

UpToDate: "Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis in children: Treatment and prognosis."

Reviewed by Neil Lava on May 06, 2018

NEXT QUESTION:

What are the symptoms of acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM)?

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