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What is Meniere's disease?

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People with this disorder have sudden attacks of vertigo, tinnitus (a ringing, buzzing, or roaring sound in their ears), hearing loss, and a feeling of fullness in the affected ear. This may be caused by too much fluid in the inner ear, thanks to a virus, allergy, or autoimmune reaction. The hearing loss gets worse over time and can be permanent in some cases.

Some lifestyle changes can help -- like cutting down on salt, caffeine, and alcohol -- and medication can ease attacks when they happen. In rare cases, people need surgery to relieve their symptoms. Parts of the affected inner ear are cut or removed so they stop sending the wrong balance signals to your brain.

From: What Are Vestibular Disorders? WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

Vestibular Disorders Association: “The Human Balance System,” About Vestibular Disorders,” “Benign Paroxysmal Positional vertigo (BPPV),” “Ototoxicity,” “Acoustic Neuroma,” Vestibular Rehabilitation Therapy (VRT),” “Medication: Can Medication Help Me Feel Better?” “Dietary Considerations: Does Diet Really Matter?”

NHS Choices: “Labyrinthitis.”

Cleveland Clinic: “Vestibular Neuritis.”

American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery: “Meniere's Disease.”

National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders: “Meniere's Disease.”

American Hearing Research Foundation: “Perilymph Fistula,” “Top Ten Facts You Should Know about Vestibular Disorders.” Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital: “Vestibular Migraine.”

Whirled Foundation: “Vestibular Disorders.”

Hearing Health Foundation: “Enlarged Vestibular Aqueducts (EVA).”

Reviewed by Arefa Cassoobhoy on March 22, 2019

SOURCES:

Vestibular Disorders Association: “The Human Balance System,” About Vestibular Disorders,” “Benign Paroxysmal Positional vertigo (BPPV),” “Ototoxicity,” “Acoustic Neuroma,” Vestibular Rehabilitation Therapy (VRT),” “Medication: Can Medication Help Me Feel Better?” “Dietary Considerations: Does Diet Really Matter?”

NHS Choices: “Labyrinthitis.”

Cleveland Clinic: “Vestibular Neuritis.”

American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery: “Meniere's Disease.”

National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders: “Meniere's Disease.”

American Hearing Research Foundation: “Perilymph Fistula,” “Top Ten Facts You Should Know about Vestibular Disorders.” Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital: “Vestibular Migraine.”

Whirled Foundation: “Vestibular Disorders.”

Hearing Health Foundation: “Enlarged Vestibular Aqueducts (EVA).”

Reviewed by Arefa Cassoobhoy on March 22, 2019

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