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What is perilymphatic fistula?

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Perilymphatic fistula (PLF) is a tear or defect between your middle ear and fluid-filled inner ear that can make you feel dizzy and may cause some hearing loss. You can be born with PLF, or it can be caused by barotrauma (increased pressure in your ear), a head injury, or heavy lifting.

Surgery can help repair perilymph fistulas. Openings or tears can be plugged with tissue taken from the outer part of your ear.

From: What Are Vestibular Disorders? WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

Vestibular Disorders Association: “The Human Balance System,” About Vestibular Disorders,” “Benign Paroxysmal Positional vertigo (BPPV),” “Ototoxicity,” “Acoustic Neuroma,” Vestibular Rehabilitation Therapy (VRT),” “Medication: Can Medication Help Me Feel Better?” “Dietary Considerations: Does Diet Really Matter?”

NHS Choices: “Labyrinthitis.”

Cleveland Clinic: “Vestibular Neuritis.”

American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery: “Meniere's Disease.”

National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders: “Meniere's Disease.”

American Hearing Research Foundation: “Perilymph Fistula,” “Top Ten Facts You Should Know about Vestibular Disorders.” Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital: “Vestibular Migraine.”

Whirled Foundation: “Vestibular Disorders.”

Hearing Health Foundation: “Enlarged Vestibular Aqueducts (EVA).”

Reviewed by Arefa Cassoobhoy on March 22, 2019

SOURCES:

Vestibular Disorders Association: “The Human Balance System,” About Vestibular Disorders,” “Benign Paroxysmal Positional vertigo (BPPV),” “Ototoxicity,” “Acoustic Neuroma,” Vestibular Rehabilitation Therapy (VRT),” “Medication: Can Medication Help Me Feel Better?” “Dietary Considerations: Does Diet Really Matter?”

NHS Choices: “Labyrinthitis.”

Cleveland Clinic: “Vestibular Neuritis.”

American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery: “Meniere's Disease.”

National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders: “Meniere's Disease.”

American Hearing Research Foundation: “Perilymph Fistula,” “Top Ten Facts You Should Know about Vestibular Disorders.” Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital: “Vestibular Migraine.”

Whirled Foundation: “Vestibular Disorders.”

Hearing Health Foundation: “Enlarged Vestibular Aqueducts (EVA).”

Reviewed by Arefa Cassoobhoy on March 22, 2019

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